Depolarization effect in optical absorption measurements of one- and two-dimensional nanostructures

@article{Herman2012DepolarizationEI,
  title={Depolarization effect in optical absorption measurements of one- and two-dimensional nanostructures},
  author={L. Herman and Cheol-Joo Kim and Zenghui Wang and M. Jo and Jiwoong Park},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
  year={2012},
  volume={101},
  pages={123102}
}
We measure absolute optical absorption cross-sections of one- (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) nanostructures using a focused laser beam while varying the numerical aperture (NA) of the focusing lens. We find the optical absorption deviates at higher NA. In the high NA regime, absorption by graphene decreases from 2.2% to below 1.8%; for Ge nanowires, it decreases from an expected value by a factor of 1.2. We explain this using the depolarization effect at the focal spot and conclude that these… Expand

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