Deplatforming: Following extreme Internet celebrities to Telegram and alternative social media

  title={Deplatforming: Following extreme Internet celebrities to Telegram and alternative social media},
  author={Richard A. Rogers},
  journal={European Journal of Communication},
  pages={213 - 229}
Extreme, anti-establishment actors are being characterized increasingly as ‘dangerous individuals’ by the social media platforms that once aided in making them into ‘Internet celebrities’. These individuals (and sometimes groups) are being ‘deplatformed’ by the leading social media companies such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube for such offences as ‘organised hate’. Deplatforming has prompted debate about ‘liberal big tech’ silencing free speech and taking on the role of editors… 

Figures from this paper

Platform Politics: The Emergence of Alternative Social Media in India
Widespread dissemination of hate speech on corporate social media platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube has necessitated technological companies to moderate content on their platforms. At
Marginalizing the Mainstream: How Social Media Privilege Political Information
A form of cross-platform analysis that is attuned to both commensurability as well as platform specificity is developed, which found that TikTok parodies mainstream media, 4chan and Reddit dismiss it and direct users to alternative influencer networks and extreme YouTube content.
The alt-right digital migration: A heterogeneous engineering approach to social media platform branding
In recent years, social media platforms such as Twitter have removed users that espouse alt-right narratives of White nationalism and xenophobia from their platforms. This mass removal has caused
Understanding the Effect of Deplatforming on Social Networks
It is found that users who get banned on Twitter/Reddit exhibit an increased level of activity and toxicity on Gab, although the audience they potentially reach decreases, which argues that moderation efforts should go beyond ensuring the safety of users on a single platform, taking into account the potential adverse effects of banning users on major platforms.
US Extremism on Telegram: Fueling Disinformation, Conspiracy Theories, and Accelerationism
The findings of this study highlight that alternative social media platforms are a growing environment for a range of hateful ideologies and are aiding the spread of disinformation campaigns.
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Deplatforming as a Moderation Strategy on Twitter
A methodological framework is contributed to systematically examine the effectiveness of moderation interventions and discuss broader implications of using deplatforming as a moderation strategy.
Repurposing Digital Methods in a Post-API Research Environment: Methodological and Ethical Implications
Especially after the social media curtailing brought about the Cambridge Analytica scandal, it has become increasingly difficult to do social media research by using digital methods as well as
Deplatforming the Far-right: An Analysis of YouTube and BitChute
Analysis shows that deplatforming is effective in minimizing the reach of disinformation and extreme speech, as alternative platforms that will allow this kind of content cannot mitigate the negative effect of being deplatformed on YouTube.
Analyzing protest mobilization on Telegram: The case of 2019 Anti-Extradition Bill movement in Hong Kong
It is found that the Telegram-based network was cohesive ensuring efficient spread of protest-related information, and there is a cooldown in the level of Telegram activity after the enactment of the harsh National Security Law in July 2020.
Public Sphere in Crisis Mode: How the COVID-19 Pandemic Influenced Public Discourse and User Behaviour in the Swiss Twitter-sphere
It is shown that the pandemic led to a narrowing of the topic agenda and to a more inwardly oriented public sphere with increased Twitter activity by experts, and actors from the social periphery were able to reach the centre of public discourse with their tweets.


Media Times| In The Time of the Microcelebrity: Celebrification and the YouTuber Zoella
This article discusses the temporal changes in celebrity culture occasioned by the dissemination of digital media, social network sites, and video-sharing platforms, arguing that, in contemporary
What is Gab: A Bastion of Free Speech or an Alt-Right Echo Chamber
Gab is predominantly used for the dissemination and discussion of news and world events, and that it attracts alt-right users, conspiracy theorists, and other trolls, and the prevalence of hate speech is found to be much higher than Twitter, but lower than 4chan's Politically Incorrect board.
Extreme speech online: an anthropological critique of hate speech debates
Exploring the cases of India and Ethiopia, this article develops the concept of “extreme speech” to critically analyze the cultures of vitriolic exchange on Internet-enabled media. While online abuse
Encrypted Jihad: Investigating the Role of Telegram App in Lone Wolf Attacks in the West
This study shows that ISIS Telegram channels play critical role in personal communication between potential recruits and dissemination of propaganda that encourage ‘lone wolves’ to carry attacks in the world at large.
The use of Telegram for the non-consensual dissemination of intimate images: gendered affordances and the construction of masculinities
This paper aims to analyze what is the role of Telegram affordances in orienting, amplifying and normalizing the non-consensual diffusion of intimate images (NCII). We focus on the sense of
The Use of Telegram for Non-Consensual Dissemination of Intimate Images: Gendered Affordances and the Construction of Masculinities
This article analyses the role of Telegram in orienting, amplifying, and normalizing the non-consensual diffusion of intimate images (NCII). We focus on the sense of anonymity, the platform’s weak
Aliases, Creeping, and Wall Cleaning: Understanding Privacy in the Age of Facebook
This paper explores how 20-something Facebook users understand and navigate privacy concerns, and examines the somewhat subversive practices which users engaged in to enhance their own social privacy, and in some cases, violate that of others.
Imagined Affordance: Reconstructing a Keyword for Communication Theory
In this essay, we reconstruct a keyword for communication—affordance. Affordance, adopted from ecological psychology, is now widely used in technology studies, yet the term lacks a clear definition.
The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations
How do terrorist groups control their members? Do the tools groups use to monitor their operatives and enforce discipline create security vulnerabilities that governments can exploit? The Terrorist's
Terrorist Migration to the Dark Web
Some of the recent trends in terrorist use of the Dark Web for communication, fundraising, storing information and online material are reported.