Depicting Historical Persons and Identities: A Faceted Approach

@article{Dobreski2020DepictingHP,
  title={Depicting Historical Persons and Identities: A Faceted Approach},
  author={Brian Dobreski and Jian Qin and Melissa P. Resnick},
  journal={KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION},
  year={2020}
}
Archives are responsible for presenting historical materials to users while also placing them in context. Historical individuals and their identities pose specific challenges for the archive, including how to negotiate changing cultural perspectives on identity and how to convey and explain contexts to modern audiences. Contemporary subject representation practices in cultural heritage tend to offer a reductivist view of personal identity. Using a collection of visual images of nineteenth and… 

Tables from this paper

Radical Empathy in the University Archives: Examining Archival Representations of Chinese Students from 1906 to 1920
With the increase in Anti‐Asian hate crimes in the United States in 2020, it is essential for information institutions to reflect on how they are confronting the oppression of Asian communities.
Named Entity Disambiguation for Archival Collections: Metadata, Wikidata, and Linked Data
TLDR
The results of using OpenTapioca for named entity disambiguation on the Belfer Cylinders Collection from the Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University are discussed, highlighting the successes and limitations of the system and of using Wikidata as a knowledge base.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Changing depictions of persons in library practice: Spirits, pseudonyms, and human bookst
TLDR
An historical timeline is reconstructed and six standards guiding the representation of persons are identified, capturing changing definitions of people, a shifting focus from names to identities, and an increasing acceptance of varied sources of justification.
Side by Side: The Use of Multiple Subject Languages in Capturing Shifting Contexts around Historical Collections
Archival representations strive to convey the original context around historical collections, but perspectives on certain topics and materials may change over time. Such shifting perspectives pose
Metadata for diversity
TLDR
The search for metadata describing diversity is a first step toward enabling more systematic access to diverse library materials and the need for systematic description of diversity to make visible and promote diverse materials is highlighted in this paper.
Archival interventions and the language we use
This article discusses issues around the display and use of historical language now considered offensive. Taking as a starting point the non-neutrality of archives, archival systems and
The need for a faceted classification as the basis of all methods of information retrieval
TLDR
The study finds that faceted systems are now very common, with a major increase in their use over the last 15 years.
Visualizing the included subject: photography, progress narratives and intellectual disability
By examining photographic depictions of subjects labeled as ‘intellectually disabled’, this article theorizes how photography performs the ideological function of producing narratives of historical
Retrieving the Irretrievable: Providing Access to "Hidden Groups" in Archives.
TLDR
It is argued that archivists also need to expand their traditional view of subject access to include function/occupation and type of material, in addition to topic and name.
Facet
  • M. Hudon
  • Philosophy
    KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION
  • 2020
S.R. Ranganathan is credited with the introduction of the term “facet” in the field of knowledge organization towards the middle of the twentieth century. Facets have traditionally been used to
Faceted Classification and Logical Division in Information Retrieval
  • J. Mills
  • Computer Science
    Libr. Trends
  • 2004
The main object of the paper is to demonstrate in detail the role of classification in information retrieval (IR) and the design of classificatory structures by the application of logical division to
Stigmatizing Disability: Library Classifications and the Marking and Marginalization of Books about People with Disabilities
Libraries have historically organized materials about people with disabilities according to conventions created by medical and social scientific communities, thereby reproducing dominant, often
...
...