Depersonalization and Individualism: The Effect of Culture on Symptom Profiles in Panic Disorder

  title={Depersonalization and Individualism: The Effect of Culture on Symptom Profiles in Panic Disorder},
  author={Mauricio Sierra‐Siegert and Anthony S. David},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
It has been proposed that highly individualistic cultures confer vulnerability to depersonalization. To test this idea, we carried out a comprehensive systematic review of published empirical studies on panic disorder, which reported the frequency of depersonalization/derealization during panic attacks. It was predicted that the frequency of depersonalization would be higher in Western cultures and that a significant correlation would be found between the frequency of depersonalization and… 

Depersonalization and personality in panic disorder.

Depersonalization disorder and anxiety: A special relationship?

Symptom Profiles in Depersonalization and Anxiety Disorders: An Analysis of the Beck Anxiety Inventory

Differences imply similarities between the cognitive components of DPD and anxiety disorders while physiological experiences diverge, and encourage future research looking at direct physiological measures and longitudinal designs to confirm the mechanisms underlying different clinical manifestations of anxiety.

La despersonalización: aspectos clínicos y neurobiológicos

Introduction: Although described more than a century ago, depersonalization continues to be a poorly understood and poorly conceptualized phenomenon. Objective: To supply a current vision of

Depersonalization in Patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, First-Degree Relatives and Normal Controls

First-degree relatives of patients reported fewer episodes of depersonalization, which were less intense and of shorter duration, than healthy controls, which might be related to a protection mechanism that keeps first- Degree relatives away from near-psychotic experiences.

[Depersonalisation/derealization - clinical picture, diagnostics and therapy].

  • M. MichalM. Beutel
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Zeitschrift fur Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
  • 2009
There is a considerable lack of empirical research onDP-DR with respect to the health-care situation of depersonalized patients and with regard to treatment options, and it is suggested that symptoms of DP-DR indicate disease severity and negatively predict therapy outcome.

Phenomenal depth: A common phenomenological dimension in depression and depersonalization

Describing, understanding, and explaining subjective experience in depression is a great challenge for psychopathology. Attempts to uncover neurobiological mechanisms of those experiences are in need


The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that a substantial difference exists between the derealization and depersonalization disorders. The fundamental arguments point out that each one of

Prevalence, Correlates, and Predictors of Depersonalization Experiences in the German General Population

It is concluded that DP is common, it can not be reduced to a negligible variant of depression or anxiety and that more awareness about DP with respect to detection and research is urgently required.

Prevalence and childhood antecedents of depersonalization syndrome in a UK birth cohort

The study found that childhood anxiety was the only significant predictor of the adult DP syndrome, supporting the view that depersonalisation disorder forms part of the spectrum of responses to anxiety.



Depersonalization in Psychiatric Patients: A Transcultural Study

There is evidence suggesting that the prevalence of depersonalization in psychiatric patients can vary across cultures. To explore the possible influence of culture on the prevalence of

The Phenomenological Stability of Depersonalization: Comparing the Old with the New

The results suggest that the phenomenology of depersonalization has remained stable over the last 100 years and it makes sense to continue collecting as many symptoms as possible, thereby avoiding both biased selection or premature closure.

Depersonalisation disorder: a cognitive-behavioural conceptualisation.

Narcissistic Regulation of the Self and Interpersonal Problems in Depersonalized Patients

Treatment approaches on DP should take the issue of low self-esteem, pervasive shame and the related defensive social avoidance into account, and psychodynamic approaches stress that DP is an important defensive function for the individual.

Depersonalization: neurobiological perspectives

The role of childhood interpersonal trauma in depersonalization disorder.

Emotional abuse emerged as the most significant predictor both of a diagnosis of depersonalization disorder and of scores denoting depersonality but not of general dissociation scores, which were better predicted by combined emotional and sexual abuse.

Assessment of psychopathology across and within cultures: issues and findings.