Depersonalization Experiences in Undergraduates Are Related to Heightened Stress Cortisol Responses

  title={Depersonalization Experiences in Undergraduates Are Related to Heightened Stress Cortisol Responses},
  author={Timo Giesbrecht and Tom Smeets and Harald Merckelbach and Marko Jel{\'i}cic},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
The relationship between dissociative tendencies, as measured with the Dissociative Experiences Scale and its amnesia, absorption/imaginative involvement, and depersonalization/derealization subscales, and HPA axis functioning was studied in 2 samples of undergraduate students (N = 58 and 67). Acute stress was induced by means of the Trier Social Stress Test. Subjective and physiological stress (i.e., cortisol) responses were measured. Individuals high on the depersonalization/derealization… 

Depersonalization, adversity, emotionality, and coping with stressful situations

  • P. ThomsonS. V. Jaque
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    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2018
Based on study findings, emotion regulation skills should be promoted to help individuals with elevated depersonalization manage their emotion-oriented coping strategies, anxiety, and emotional overexcitability.

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    Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
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Examination of HPA axis functioning indexed by basal cortisol and prolactin and test their relationship to psychic and somatoform dissociative symptoms indicates relationship between HPA-axis reactivity and dissociatives symptoms in unipolar depressive patients that could reflect passive coping behavior and disengagement.

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Dissociative Symptoms and Cortisol Responses to Recounting Traumatic Experiences Among Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors with PTSD

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Basal norepinephrine in depersonalization disorder

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The notion that dissociative reactions are associated with reduced psychophysiological arousal after trauma is challenged, as two groups had a similar pattern of physiological responding during the trauma narratives.

Relationship Among Plasma Cortisol, Catecholamines, Neuropeptide Y, and Human Performance During Exposure to Uncontrollable Stress

The data suggest that some biological differences may exist before index trauma exposure and before the development of stress-related illness.

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The results suggest that gender, genetics and nicotine consumption can influence the individual's stress responsiveness to psychological stress while personality traits showed no correlation with cortisol responses to TSST stimulation.

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The 28-item Dissociative Experiences Scale was administered to a stratified cluster sample of 1,055 respondents in the general population of Winnipeg and identified three factors that may be powerful predictors of DSM-III-R dissociative disorders.

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Motivated performance tasks elicited cortisol responses if they were uncontrollable or characterized by social-evaluative threat (task performance could be negatively judged by others), when methodological factors and other stressor characteristics were controlled for.