Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes.

@article{Etter2015DependenceLI,
  title={Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes.},
  author={Jean-François Etter and Thomas E Eissenberg},
  journal={Drug and alcohol dependence},
  year={2015},
  volume={147},
  pages={
          68-75
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To assess dependence levels in users of e-cigarettes, and compare them with dependence levels in users of nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes. DESIGN Self-reports from cross-sectional Internet and mail surveys. Comparisons of: (a) 766 daily users of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes with 30 daily users of nicotine-free e-cigarettes; (b) 911 former smokers who used the e-cigarette daily with 451 former smokers who used the nicotine gum daily (but no e-cigarette); (c) 125 daily e… CONTINUE READING

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