Dental caries

@article{Selwitz2007DentalC,
  title={Dental caries},
  author={Robert H Selwitz and Amid Ibrahim Ismail and Nigel B. Pitts},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2007},
  volume={369},
  pages={51-59}
}
Dental caries, otherwise known as tooth decay, is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases of people worldwide; individuals are susceptible to this disease throughout their lifetime. Dental caries forms through a complex interaction over time between acid-producing bacteria and fermentable carbohydrate, and many host factors including teeth and saliva. The disease develops in both the crowns and roots of teeth, and it can arise in early childhood as an aggressive tooth decay that aff ects the… 
Modern Approach to Pediatric Dental Caries Prevention and Treatment
Dental caries has been the most common disease in childhood. The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries affects about 60 to 90% of schoolchildren and the majority of adults.
Dental caries in relation to oral infections and feedingtypes among children aged 2-5 years
TLDR
Type of microorganisms found in the oral cavity was affected by dental caries which in turn affect frequency of infections, and breast feeding was predominant among caries free children and associated with lower rates of oral infections compared with bottle feeding.
Microbiological Studies on Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries
TLDR
The study aims to isolation and identification of important bacteria related to tooth decay, determining the sensitivity of bacteria of certain types of antimicrobial agents and studying the effect of heavy metals on bacterial isolates.
Frail elder caries.
TLDR
It is time now that nursing and medical colleagues recognize FEC for what it is a disease that seriously threatens the health and quality of life of people who are old and frail, and that might be life-threatening more frequently than is generally known.
A Review of the Role of Probiotic Supplementation in Dental Caries
TLDR
Review of the literature indicates the regular consumption of probiotic products significantly reduced the risk of caries by inhibiting cariogenic bacteria and enriching commensal microbes in the oral cavity.
Epidemiology of dental caries: when structure and context matter.
TLDR
The aim of this study was to summarize the changes in dental caries occurrence in the population, and bring to light the latest research on the role of non-biological determinants in caries distribution.
Oral diseases: a global public health challenge
TLDR
The extent and consequences of oral diseases, their social and commercial determinants, and their ongoing neglect in global health policy are described to highlight the urgent need to address oral diseases among other NCDs as a global health priority.
Ten-year results of a Screening Program during pregnancy for children's dental caries prophylaxis
TLDR
By means of a prenatal screening involving different professionals, the likelihood of vertical transmission of SM from mother to child is assessed, and the mothers are given medical advice on the risk of tooth decay in children is given.
Dental caries are positively associated with periodontal disease severity
TLDR
A small but positive association was found between clinical measures of caries and periodontal disease severity and clinical and microbiological markers of both diseases.
Effects of Irradiation of Continuous Wave Carbon Dioxide Laser on Caries Resistance of Deciduous Teeth
TLDR
Irradiation of dental hard tissues with a laser beam results in the formation of more stable and acid resistant compounds, with possible creation of remineralization micro-spaces that entrap free ions and reduce acid attack susceptibility.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Current understanding of the epidemiology mechanisms, and prevention of dental caries in preschool children.
The seriousness and societal costs of dental caries in preschool children are enormous. National data shows that caries is highly prevalent in poor and near poor US preschool children, yet this
The Continuum of Dental Caries—Evidence for a Dynamic Disease Process
TLDR
Dental caries covers the continuum from the first atomic level of demineralization, through the initial enamel or root lesion, through dentinal involvement, to eventual cavitation, and the dynamic balance between dem ineralization and remineralized determines the end result.
Biological mechanisms of early childhood caries.
  • W. Seow
  • Medicine
    Community dentistry and oral epidemiology
  • 1998
TLDR
The biology of ECC may be modified by several factors unique to young children, related to the implantation of cariogenic bacteria, immaturity of the host defense systems, as well as behavioral patterns associated with feeding and oral hygiene in early childhood.
Concepts of dental caries and their consequences for understanding the disease.
  • O. Fejerskov
  • Medicine
    Community dentistry and oral epidemiology
  • 1997
TLDR
It is concluded that several paradigms about the nature of dental caries should be reconsidered to provide the most cost-effective dental services.
The science and practice of caries prevention.
TLDR
Fluoride, the key agent in battling caries, works primarily via topical mechanisms: inhibition of demineralization, enhancement of remineralized and inhibition of bacterial enzymes.
The burden of restorative dental treatment for children in Third World countries.
TLDR
To treat caries with the traditional method of restorative dentistry is beyond the financial capabilities of the majority of low-income nations, as three-quarters of these countries do not even have sufficient resources to finance an essential package of health care services for their children.
Risk assessment and epidemiology of dental caries: review of the literature.
TLDR
The epidemiology of dental caries in the pediatric population demonstrates that caries is no longer pandemic in the US population, and knowledge of the known risk factors will assist the practitioner in performing risk assessment within their patient populations.
The caries balance: the basis for caries management by risk assessment.
TLDR
The key to improved dental health for all is now for the dental profession to embrace this knowledge and put it into practice in the real world, to inhibit caries formation and progression, and to enhance the natural repair process.
Bacterial, behavioral and environmental factors associated with early childhood caries.
TLDR
Salivary MS levels among young children with ECC were higher than would be expected in a dentally healthy population, but lower than levels reported among older children at high risk for caries.
Are We Ready to Move from Operative to Non-Operative/Preventive Treatment of Dental Caries in Clinical Practice?
TLDR
The answer to the question posed in the title should be, in many cases, that the authors are ready to move to non-operative/preventive care (if they have not done so already), however, this should be for appropriate stages of lesion extent and in patients who respond to advice on recall frequency and preventive behaviours.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...