Dental calculus indicates widespread plant use within the stable Neanderthal dietary niche.

@article{Power2018DentalCI,
  title={Dental calculus indicates widespread plant use within the stable Neanderthal dietary niche.},
  author={Robert C. Power and Domingo C. Salazar-Garc{\'i}a and Mauro Rubini and Andreas Darlas and Katerina Harvati and Michael J. Walker and Jean‐Jacques Hublin and Amanda G. Henry},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2018},
  volume={119},
  pages={
          27-41
        }
}

Plant use in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic: Food, medicine and raw materials

  • K. Hardy
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Quaternary Science Reviews
  • 2018

New insights on Neolithic food and mobility patterns in Mediterranean coastal populations.

Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios indicate a consumption of protein by humans mainly focused on terrestrial animals and possible exploitation of marine resources for one male and one undetermined adult.

Testing dental calculus as a means to determine paleodiet of extinct equid Merychippus sp.

Investigating Plant Micro-Remains Embedded in Dental Calculus of the Phoenician Inhabitants of Motya (Sicily, Italy)

The research outlines dietary ecology and phytomedicinal practices of the ancient community of Motya, one of the most important Phoenician settlements in the Mediterranean basin, and discloses the strong human-plant interaction in Motya’s Phoenicians community, in terms of cultural traditions and land use.

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Neolithic Life Reconstruction

The first study that draws together carbon (C), nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and strontium (Sr), dental calculus, aDNA, and palaeoparasitology analysis to infer intra-population patterns of diet and provenance in a Middle Neolithic population from north-western France is presented.

Lifestyle of a Roman Imperial community: ethnobotanical evidence from dental calculus of the Ager Curensis inhabitants

This nutritional plan suggested that the studied population based its own subsistence on both agriculture and husbandry, probably also including beekeeping and hunting activities.

Pleistocene dental calculus: Recovering information on Paleolithic food items, medicines, paleoenvironment and microbes

Dental calculus is now widely used to recover information on items ingested in the past, but the minute amount of material recovered has little relationship with food eaten during a person's life, while salivary amylase breaks down cooked starch, so broader dietary interpretations and detection of cooked food are problematic.

A multidisciplinary approach for investigating dietary and medicinal habits of the Medieval population of Santa Severa (7th-15th centuries, Rome, Italy)

The combined application of microscopy and biomolecular techniques provided an innovative reconstruction of Medieval lifeways in Central Italy and indicated an omnivorous diet based on C3-terrestrial protein, although some individuals possessed carbon values indicative of C4 plant consumption.

References

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Molar Macrowear Reveals Neanderthal Eco-Geographic Dietary Variation

It is suggested here that the diet of both Neanderthals and early Homo sapiens is determined by ecological conditions, and molar wear patterns using occlusal fingerprint analysis derived from optical 3D topometry indicates strong eco-geographic dietary variation independent of taxonomic affinities.

Contributions of biogeochemistry to understanding hominin dietary ecology.

It is argued that more contextual data from modern ecosystem and experimental studies are needed if the promise of biogeochemical techniques for testing hypotheses about the diets of early hominins are to fully realize their potential.

Neanderthal diet at Vindija and Neanderthal predation: the evidence from stable isotopes.

The isotope evidence overwhelmingly points to the Neanderthals behaving as top-level carnivores, obtaining almost all of their dietary protein from animal sources, and reinforces current taphonomic assessments of associated faunal elements and makes it unlikely that the Neanderthal were acquiring animal protein principally through scavenging.

Dental calculus evidence of Taï Forest Chimpanzee plant consumption and life history transitions

A high-resolution analysis of calculus microremains from wild chimpanzees of Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire shows that some microremain classes accumulate as long-lived dietary markers and can record information about other dietary behaviours, such as the age of weaning and learned food processing techniques like nut-cracking.

Microfossils in calculus demonstrate consumption of plants and cooked foods in Neanderthal diets (Shanidar III, Iraq; Spy I and II, Belgium)

Direct evidence is reported for Neanderthal consumption of a variety of plant foods, in the form of phytoliths and starch grains recovered from dental calculus of Neanderthal skeletons from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, and Spy Cave, Belgium, suggesting an overall sophistication in Neanderthal dietary regimes.
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