Density-functional calculations of the structure of near-surface oxygen vacancies and electron localization on CeO2(111).

One of the most topical issues surrounding oxygen vacancies on CeO2(111) is the relative stability of surface and subsurface defects. Using density-functional theory (DFT) with the HSE06 (Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof) hybrid functional as well as the DFT+U approach (where U is a Hubbard-like term describing the on-site Coulomb interactions), we find subsurface… (More)