Denialism: what is it and how should scientists respond?

  title={Denialism: what is it and how should scientists respond?},
  author={Pascal A. Diethelm and Martin Mckee},
  journal={European journal of public health},
  volume={19 1},
HIV does not cause AIDS. The world was created in 4004 BCE. Smoking does not cause cancer. And if climate change is happening, it is nothing to do with man-made CO2 emissions. Few, if any, of the readers of this journal will believe any of these statements. Yet each can be found easily in the mass media. The consequences of policies based on views such as these can be fatal. Thabo Mbeki's denial that that HIV caused AIDS prevented thousands of HIV positive mothers in South Africa receiving… 
Denialism as Applied Skepticism: Philosophical and Empirical Considerations
AbstractThe scientific community, we hold, often provides society with knowledge—that the HIV virus causes AIDS, that anthropogenic climate change is underway, that the MMR vaccine is safe. Some deny
Fact vs Fallacy: The Anti-Vaccine Discussion Reloaded
This paper discusses and evaluates vaccine-hesitant individuals on a socioeconomic, historical, and philosophical landscape and provides an analysis of common argumentative patterns and the psychological impact that these arguments may have on undecided individuals.
Sceptics and deniers of climate change not to be confused
The public should understand the difference between deniers and sceptics, so that their trust in scientists is not threatened at a time when humanity needs us most and scientists should stand together to defend proper scientific debate.
Commentary to: How to respond to vocal vaccine deniers in public.
HIV/AIDS and discourses of denial in sub-Saharan Africa: An Afro-optimist response?
This article re-examines HIV/AIDs discourses within the global imagining of Africa. It focuses on official responses which, between 1999 and 2007, were characterized by denialism, when South African
Informed consent for HIV cure research in South Africa: issues to consider
Research ethics committees have an important role to play in ensuring that participants understand the basic concepts discussed in the informed consent process, that they understand that research is not clinical care and they are unlikely to benefit from any early phase trials seeking to cure HIV/AIDS.
Invasive species denialism revisited: response to Sagoff
Scientific evidence supports the consensus that non-native species introductions carry significant ecological risks, that they are a major contributing cause of population declines and extinctions, and that they can substantively alter or disrupt ecosystem functions and services upon which society depends.
Education and the New Dark Ages? Conspiracy, social media and science denial
With the increasing use of social media by many people, and where many actually get their news from social media rather than traditional media sources (newspapers, TV, and journals) amidst the
On allegations of invasive species denialism
To make invasion biology a more robust and widely accepted science and to avoid unnecessary misunderstandings and conflicts, invasion biologists could be more accepting of perspectives originating from other disciplines and more open to values‐based critique from scholars and scientists outside their field.
Vaccine confidence: the keys to restoring trust
Considering the different extents of low vaccine confidence in different countries of the world, both developed and developing, it is aimed to contribute to the discussion of the reasons for this, and to propose some viable scientific solutions to build or help restore vaccine confidence worldwide.


Doubt Is Their Product: How Industry’s Assault on Science Threatens Your Health
  • S. Gilbert
  • Political Science
    Environmental Health Perspectives
  • 2009
The author describes the efforts of the tobacco industry to obscure the scientific evidence for the adverse health effects of their products while increasing sales by manipulating nicotine levels and by advertising to young people.
“Nicotine Nazis strike again”: a brief analysis of the use of Nazi rhetoric in attacking tobacco control advocacy
Germany has a long record of pro-tobacco industry activities and weak tobacco control policies, and analogies with Nazi symbols were used to liken the treatment of smokers to the stigmatisation and discrimination of Jews under the Nazis.
Advice Without Dissent
A Department of Health and Human Services spokesperson asserted Secretary Tommy Thompson's prerogative to hear preferentially from experts who share the president's philosophical sensibilities, but disbanding and stacking public committees out of fear that they may offer advice that conflicts with administration policies devalues the entire federal advisory committee structure.
Relationship of African Americans' sociodemographic characteristics to belief in conspiracies about HIV/AIDS and birth control.
Analysis of the relationship of African Americans' sociodemographic characteristics to their conspiracy beliefs about HIV/AIDS and birth control suggests that conspiracy beliefs are not isolated to specific segments of the African-American population.
The limits of competing interest disclosures.
These findings are another example of how simply requiring authors to disclose financial ties with the tobacco industry may not be adequate to give readers a full picture of the author's relationship with the industry.
Conspiracy Theories and the Conventional Wisdom
ABSTRACT Conspiracy theories should be neither believed nor investigated - that is the conventional wisdom. I argue that it is sometimes permissible both to investigate and to believe. Hence this is
Environmental tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality in a prospective study of Californians, 1960-98
The results do not support a causal relation between environmental Tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality, although they do not rule out a small effect, and the association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease and lung cancer may be considerably weaker than generally believed.