Dendritic architecture of the von Economo neurons

@article{Watson2006DendriticAO,
  title={Dendritic architecture of the von Economo neurons},
  author={Karli K. Watson and Tiffanie K Jones and John Allman},
  journal={Neuroscience},
  year={2006},
  volume={141},
  pages={1107-1112}
}
Von Economo Neurons – Primate-Specific or Commonplace in the Mammalian Brain?
TLDR
It is demonstrated that human VENs are specialized elongated principal cells with unique somato-dendritic morphology found abundantly in the FI and ACC of the human brain.
Biochemical specificity of von economo neurons in hominoids
TLDR
This distributed distribution of Von Economo neurons suggests that VENs contribute to specializations of neural circuits in species that share both large brain size and complex social cognition, possibly representing an adaptation to rapidly relay socially‐relevant information over long distances across the brain.
Somato‐dendritic morphology and axon origin site specify von Economo neurons as a subclass of modified pyramidal neurons in the human anterior cingulate cortex
TLDR
The data show that the numerous recent reports on the presence of VENs in non‐primates in other layers and regions of the cortex need further confirmation by showing the dendritic and axonal morphology of these cells, and that oval and fusiform neurons could be misidentified as V ENs.
Dendritic and Spine Heterogeneity of von Economo Neurons in the Human Cingulate Cortex
TLDR
The heterogeneity of the dendritic architecture and spines suggests additional functional implications for the synaptic and information processing in VENs in integrated networks of normal and, possibly, neurological/psychiatric conditions involving the human CC.
Von Economo neurons: A review of the anatomy and functions
TLDR
Some researchers have shown that selective destruction of VENs in the early stages of frontotemporal dementia implies that they are involved in empathy, social awareness, and self-control which are consistent with evidence from functional imaging.
Von Economo Neurons in the Human Medial Frontopolar Cortex
TLDR
The von Economo neurons (VENs) are found in the human medial BA10, although they are very scarce and dispersed, and it is found that VENs are at least seven times more abundant on the right hemisphere and at least 2.5 timesMore abundant in the crest than in the walls of the gyrus.
Von Economo Neurons in the Elephant Brain
TLDR
The VEN morphology appears to have arisen independently in hominids, cetaceans, and elephants, and may reflect a specialization for the rapid transmission of crucial social information in very large brains.
Von Economo neurons: Cellular specialization of human limbic cortices?
TLDR
It is proposed that the restriction of VENs towards the sectors linked to limbic information processing in Homo sapiens gives them a possible functional role in relation to the structures in which they are located.
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