Demonstration of two-qubit algorithms with a superconducting quantum processor

@article{DiCarlo2009DemonstrationOT,
  title={Demonstration of two-qubit algorithms with a superconducting quantum processor},
  author={Leonardo DiCarlo and Jerry M. Chow and Jay M. Gambetta and Lev Bishop and Blake R. Johnson and David I. Schuster and J. Majer and Alexandre Blais and Luigi Frunzio and Steven M. Girvin and Robert J. Schoelkopf},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2009},
  volume={460},
  pages={240-244}
}
Quantum computers, which harness the superposition and entanglement of physical states, could outperform their classical counterparts in solving problems with technological impact—such as factoring large numbers and searching databases. A quantum processor executes algorithms by applying a programmable sequence of gates to an initialized register of qubits, which coherently evolves into a final state containing the result of the computation. Building a quantum processor is challenging because… 
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