Demonstration of sub-3 ps temporal resolution with a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector

  title={Demonstration of sub-3 ps temporal resolution with a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector},
  author={Boris A. Korzh and Qingyuan Zhao and Jason P. Allmaras and Simone Frasca and Travis M. Autry and Eric Bersin and Andrew D. Beyer and Ryan M. Briggs and Bruce Bumble and Marco Colangelo and Garrison M Crouch and Andrew E. Dane and Thomas Gerrits and Adriana E. Lita and Francesco Marsili and Galan Moody and Cristian Pena and Edward Ramirez and Jacob D. Rezac and Neil Sinclair and Martin J Stevens and Angel Enriques Velasco and Varun B. Verma and Emma E. Wollman and Si Xie and Di Zhu and Paul D. Hale and Maria Spiropulu and Kevin L. Silverman and Richard P. Mirin and Sae Woo Nam and Alexander G. Kozorezov and Matthew D. Shaw and Karl K. Berggren},
  journal={Nature Photonics},
Improvements in temporal resolution of single-photon detectors enable increased data rates and transmission distances for both classical and quantum optical communication systems, higher spatial resolution in laser ranging, and observation of shorter-lived fluorophores in biomedical imaging. In recent years, superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) have emerged as the most efficient time-resolving single-photon-counting detectors available in the near-infrared, but… 

16-Element Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector for Gigahertz Counting at 1550-nm

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) have proliferated the optics community in recent years due to their unique combination of high detection efficiency (≥ 98%), extremely low

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with 98% system detection efficiency at 1550  nm

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) are an enabling technology for myriad quantum-optics experiments that require high-efficiency detection, large count rates, and precise

Nanosecond gating of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors using cryogenic bias circuitry

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) show near unity efficiency, low dark count rate, and short recovery time. Combining these characteristics with temporal control of SNSPDs

High-speed detection of 1550 nm single photons with superconducting nanowire detectors

Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors are a key technology for quantum information and science due to their high efficiency, low timing jitter, and low dark counts. In this work, we present

Unveiling photon statistics with a 100-pixel photon-number-resolving detector

Single-photon detectors are ubiquitous in quantum information science and quantum sensing. They are key enabling technologies for numerous scientific discoveries and fundamental tests of quantum

Design and fabrication of large-area superconducting nanowire single photon detector arrays

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) are currently one of the most mainstream single-photon detectors with excellent comprehensive performance, including low time jitter, high

Mid-infrared Single-photon Detection Using Superconducting NbTiN Nanowires with Sub-15 ps Time Resolution in a Gifford-McMahon Cryocooler

Shortly after their inception1, superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) became the leading quantum light detection technology2. With the capability of detecting single-photons with

Emerging Single-Photon Detectors Based on Low-Dimensional Materials.

This review aims to provide future perspectives on the research directions of emerging photon-counting technologies by reviewing the status and discussing the challenges faced by SPDs.

Polarization resolving and imaging with a single-photon sensitive superconducting nanowire array.

This work presents a first prototype of the polarimeter based on a four-pixel superconducting nanowire array, capable of resolving the polarization state of linearly-polarized light at the single-photon level and successfully demonstrated polarization imaging at low-light level.

Superconducting microstrip single-photon detector with system detection efficiency over 90% at 1550  nm

Generally, a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) is composed of wires with a typical width of ~100 nm. Recent studies have found that superconducting stripes with a



Kilometre-range, high resolution depth imaging using 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection

  • A. MccarthyN. Krichel G. Buller
  • Physics
    2013 Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics Europe & International Quantum Electronics Conference CLEO EUROPE/IQEC
  • 2013
Single-photon time-of-flight ranging offers shot-noise limited detection and excellent surface-to-surface resolution. Infrared operation is advantageous in terms of improved eye safety and reduced

High-speed and high-efficiency travelling wave single-photon detectors embedded in nanophotonic circuits

This work demonstrates superconducting nanowire detectors atop nanophotonic waveguides, which enable a drastic increase of the absorption length for incoming photons, which allows high on-chip single-photon detection efficiency up to 91% at telecom wavelengths, repeatable across several fabricated chips.

UV superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with high efficiency, low noise, and 4 K operating temperature.

The design, fabrication, and characterization of UV SNSPDs operating at wavelengths between 250 and 370 nm are described, which make them ideal for applications in trapped-ion quantum information processing, lidar studies of the upper atmosphere, UV fluorescent-lifetime imaging microscopy, and photon-starved UV astronomy.

Cavity-Enhanced and Ultrafast Superconducting Single-Photon Detectors.

The cavity enhanced superconducting nanowire detectors are fully embedded in silicon nanophotonic circuits and efficiently detect single photons at telecom wavelengths and show potential for GHz count rates at low timing jitter and efficient threshold multiphoton detection.

High-detection efficiency and low-timing jitter with amorphous superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors

Recent progress in the development of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) made of amorphous materials has delivered excellent performances and has had a great impact on a range

Superconducting nanowire detector jitter limited by detector geometry

Detection jitter quantifies variance introduced by the detector in the determination of photon arrival time. It is a crucial performance parameter for systems using superconducting nanowire single

Mid-infrared Laser-Induced Fluorescence with Nanosecond Time Resolution Using a Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector: New Technology for Molecular Science.

This Account presents superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) by sharing the experience with its use in a typical experiment carried out by physical chemists (laser-induced fluorescence) and comparing the SNSPD to a detector commonly used by physicalchemists (InSb at LN Temperature).

Improving the timing jitter of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detection system.

Low timing jitter is a unique merit of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) for time-correlated applications and can be measured at a full width at half-maximum using an oscilloscope with an optimal signal amplitude.

Intrinsically-limited timing jitter in molybdenum silicide superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors

Recent progress in the development of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) has delivered excellent performances, and has had a great impact on a range of research fields. The

Intrinsic Timing Jitter and Latency in Superconducting Nanowire Single-photon Detectors

We analyze the origin of the intrinsic timing jitter in superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) in terms of fluctuations in the latency of the detector response, which is determined