Co-expression of Skp and FkpA chaperones improves cell viability and alters the global expression of stress response genes during scFvD1.3 production
The nature of the Escherichia coli membrane-bound NADH dehydrogenases and their role in the generation of the proton motive force has been controversial. One E. coli NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase has previously been purified to homogeneity, and its corresponding gene (ndh) has been isolated. However, two biochemically distinct E. coli NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase activities have been identified by others (K. Matsushita, T. Ohnishi, and H. R. Kaback, Biochemistry 26:7732-7737, 1987). An insertional mutation in the ndh gene has been introduced into the E. coli chromosome, and the resulting strain maintains membrane-bound NADH dehydrogenase activity, demonstrating that a second genetically distinct NADH dehydrogenase must be present. By standard genetic mapping techniques, the map position of a second locus (nuo) involved in the oxidation of NADH has been determined. The enzyme encoded by this locus probably translocates protons across the inner membrane, contributing to the proton motive force.