Demonstration of organ specific antibodies against heart mitochondria (anti-M7) in sera from patients with some forms of heart diseases.

Abstract

Using submitochondrial particles (SMP) from beef heart, pig kidney and rat liver in the ELISA, we detected partial organ specific anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA) against heart and kidney SMP in sera from patients with different forms of cardiomyopathies. Serum samples from 50 of 159 patients with congestive or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (31%) and from two of 15 patients with acute myocarditis (13%) were AMA positive. These AMA could be clearly differentiated from other known AMA (anti-M1-M6) and were therefore named anti-M7. Thirteen of the 52 sera (25%) reacted only with heart SMP (type a) and 39 showed a cross-reaction with kidney, lung and pancreas mitochondria (type b). However, using liver SMP, no positive reaction was found. The anti-M7 type a and b activity was abolished completely by absorption with heart SMP. The anti-M7 antibodies were directed against an antigen which co-purified with the inner mitochondrial membrane and had a molecular weight of 67,000-72,000. They seem to be confined to some forms of cardiomyopathies and myocarditis of unknown aetiology and were not detected in sera from patients with other diseases.

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@article{Klein1984DemonstrationOO, title={Demonstration of organ specific antibodies against heart mitochondria (anti-M7) in sera from patients with some forms of heart diseases.}, author={R Klein and B Maisch and K Kochsiek and P A Berg}, journal={Clinical and experimental immunology}, year={1984}, volume={58 2}, pages={283-92} }