Demonstration of an occult biliary-arterial fistula using percutaneous contrast-enhanced ultrasound cholangiography in a transplanted liver.


We present a case of a biliary-arterial communication as a consequence of the placement of an internal-external biliary drainage catheter in a liver transplant patient diagnosed on contrast-enhanced ultrasound using a novel application by injecting microbubble contrast into the catheter tube. We postulate that this method may be sensitive in identifying… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/jcu.22048


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