Democratizing Global Environmental Governance? Stakeholder Democracy after the World Summit on Sustainable Development

  title={Democratizing Global Environmental Governance? Stakeholder Democracy after the World Summit on Sustainable Development},
  author={Karin B{\"a}ckstrand},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  pages={467 - 498}
  • K. Bäckstrand
  • Published 1 December 2006
  • Political Science
  • European Journal of International Relations
One of the most pressing problems confronting political scientists today is whether global governance has democratic legitimacy. Drawing on an analysis of the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002, this article advances and empirically deploys an ideal-typical model of a new approach to key areas of global governance—‘stakeholder democracy’. This work is located in the context of the changing practices of global governance, in which concerns about legitimacy… 

Figures from this paper

From Rhetoric to Practice: The Legitimacy of Global Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

This chapter critically examines the democratic potential of global public-private partnerships (PPPs) promoting sustainable development and combating climate change. Since the 1990s the

Greening a Machiavellian State? Insights for International Environmental Governance

The age of climate change that we live in has forced scholars and policymakers to rethink fundamental tenets of international environmental governance [1]. Moving beyond the ‘pure modes of

Legitimation and Accumulation in Climate Change Governance

Recent debates have drawn attention to the legitimacy challenges faced by new forms of global governance. Privatised governance in particular has come under considerable scrutiny. This paper attempts

Legitimacy in intergovernmental and non-state global governance

ABSTRACT Do requirements for legitimate global governance vary across intergovernmental and non-state governance institutions? The author introduces a framework to address this question that draws

Simulative governance: on the collaborative narrative of civil society participation in the CDM stakeholder framework

ABSTRACT The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is often cited as an exemplar of new, hybrid forms of global environmental governance operating at the public–private interface.

Political Equality and Legitimacy in a Global Context

What is characteristic of the present era of intensified globalization is the growth of problems that transgress traditional territorial boundaries and which are no longer addressed by nation-states

Accountability of Networked Climate Governance: The Rise of Transnational Climate Partnerships

Public-private partnerships (PPP) have been advanced as a new tool of global governance, which can supply both effective and legitimate governance. In the context of recent debates on the democratic

World Bank Partnerships and the Promise of Democratic Governance

The World Bank promotes public–private partnerships as vehicles for democratizing environmental governance. This article presents an overview of their constitution in the World Bank, including what

Reframing Global Environmental Governance: Results of a CIGI/CIS Collaboration

Global environmental governance is undergoing significant change. There is a growing recognition that the traditional state-centric intergovernmental model of addressing global environmental problems

Private Transnational Governance and the Developing World: A Comparative Perspective

While private authority beyond the state has become a popular theme of academic writing, the role of stakeholders in the Southern hemisphere as objects and subjects of private transnational



Franchising Global Governance: Making Sense of the Johannesburg Type II Partnerships

Introduction As preparations for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) were underway early in 2002, its architects launched an effort to promote the creation of multi-stakeholder

Global Governance, Participation and the Public Sphere

Abstract We argue that the democratization of global governance will ultimately depend upon the creation of an appropriate public sphere that connects decision-making processes with transnational

Global Civil Society and Global Environmental Governance: The Politics of Nature from Place to Planet

Of the issues wrestled with in social science scholarship on the environment over the past two decades, the following three are among the most important. First, at what level (local, national,

The Road from Johannesburg: What Future for Partnerships in Global Environmental Governance?

After the protracted preparatory process, most delegates to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) had few illusions as to the eventual outcomes. Yet even these modest expectations

Global Governance and Communicative Action

  • T. Risse
  • Political Science
    Government and Opposition
  • 2004
Abstract This article discusses arguing and communicative action as a significant tool for non-hierarchical steering modes in global governance. Arguing is based on a logic of action that differs

Towards a global polity

While 'one world government' is not on the cards, the globalization of political life has progressed significantly over the last decades. Rather than adding to existing theoretical frameworks such as

The Democratic Legitimacy of Public-Private Rule Making: What Can We Learn from the World Commission on Dams?

�This article attempts to provide answers to one specific and one general question: How should we evaluate the performance of the World Commission on Dams in terms of its democratic legitimacy? And

Multisectoral Networks in Global Governance: Towards a Pluralistic System of Accountability 1

Abstract This paper outlines the elements of a pluralistic system of accountability with regard to one of the most ambitious institutional innovations in global governance: multisectoral public

Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics

Preface Contributors 1. Governance, order and change in world politics James N. Rosenau 2. Governance with government: polyarchy in nineteenth-century European international politics K. J. Holsti 3.

Civil society and democracy in global governance

Recent years have witnessed substantial civil society mobilisation on questions of global governance. This paper considers the implications of this development for democracy. After specifying