Democratic Waves in Historical Perspective

@article{Gunitsky2018DemocraticWI,
  title={Democratic Waves in Historical Perspective},
  author={Seva Gunitsky},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  year={2018},
  volume={16},
  pages={634 - 651}
}
  • Seva Gunitsky
  • Published 21 August 2018
  • Political Science
  • Perspectives on Politics
For over two centuries, the evolution of democracy has been marked by repeated democratic waves. Yet these cross-border bursts of revolution and reform have varied widely in their origins, intensity, and success rates. How do we compare cascades of regime change, and what lessons do they offer about the spread of democracy? I lay out a historical framework of democratic waves that focuses on recurring causal mechanisms across time. Thirteen democratic waves are categorized according to two… 

Reversals of fortune: Shared governance, “democracy,” and reiterated problem-solving

  • T. Thurston
  • Political Science
    Frontiers in Political Science
  • 2022
What can the deep past tell us about how “good government” is instituted, replicated, and maintained through time? After a comparative look at late prehistoric political formation in Europe, a case

Waves of autocratization and democratization: a critical note on conceptualization and measurement

ABSTRACT Huntington famously distinguished between waves of democratization and de-democratization. Based on an alternative conceptualization of waves of regime change and novel data on episodes of

Changing the Combination of Authoritarian Stability Strategies Against Threats: Turkey (2002-2019)

The empirical research suggests that authoritarian stability strategies of legitimation, cooptation, and repression strengthen regimes in combination. Existing studies treat these strategies mostly

Lessons of Korean Democratization for Modern Russia democratic transition: differences and Similarities

Amid debates over democratic transition in Eastern Asia the South Korean case more often than not drops out of sight. Meanwhile, the fall of the Syngman Rhee regime and the unsuccessful democratic

Poland and Hungary: Democratic Backsliding and the Shifting European Political Landscape

  • Judas Everett
  • Political Science
    RUDN Journal of Political Science
  • 2021
This study focuses on the role of Poland and Hungary in the shifting European political landscape, especially considering their recent democratic backsliding. Methodologically, the impact of domestic

The Foreign Policies of Large Democratizing African States: South Africa and Nigeria

Large country size (measured by gross domestic product), democratizing regime type, and two exceptional leaders created sufficient conditions for innovative foreign policy leadership by two African

Stigmatisation in international relations: Russia, the West and international society from the Cold War to Crimea

This study analyses the effect of stigmatisation – the process of marking certain actors, behaviours or attributes as deviant in order to reinforce the norms of a social order – on Russian-Western

The Global Diffusion of the #MeToo Movement

Abstract Why is the #MeToo movement very active in some countries but not in others? What factors encourage the transnational diffusion of digital feminist activism? Although transnational forces are

How do we tell authoritarian diffusion from illusion? Exploring methodological issues of qualitative research on authoritarian diffusion

With the recent proliferation of comparative authoritarianism studies, a new research agenda on authoritarian diffusion has emerged. Authoritarian diffusion concerns the study of how events,

Projets de paysage, Hors-série | 2022

The pioneers of landscape architecture invented this profession in a period of democratic, science and industrial revolutions that encouraged civil rights movements. However, before WWII the courses

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 142 REFERENCES

From Shocks to Waves: Hegemonic Transitions and Democratization in the Twentieth Century

Abstract What causes democratic waves? This article puts forward a theory of institutional waves that focuses on the effects of systemic transformations. It argues that abrupt shifts in the

Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall

This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival, and fall of democracies and dictatorships

Diffusion or Confusion? Clustered Shocks and the Conditional Diffusion of Democracy

Abstract Scholars, observing clustering in transitions to democracy, argue that democratization diffuses across borders as citizens in autocracies demand the same reforms they witness in neighboring

Democratic Transitions: Exploring The Structural Sources Of The Fourth Wave

With the widespread movement toward democratization that characterized the first post-Cold War decade, why did some nondemocratic regimes undergo a transition toward a democratic political system,

Globalization and Democracy

  • K. Schwartzman
  • Political Science
    Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance
  • 2018
By 1996, 66% of the countries of the world were using elections to choose their top leaders. This wave of democratization was accompanied by a paradigm shift that took the large number of

Is the Third Wave Over?

Since the overthrow of Portugal's dictatorial regime in April 1974, the number of democracies in the world has multiplied dramatically. Before the start of this global trend toward democracy, there

The Diffusion of Revolution: ‘1848’ in Europe and Latin America

Abstract What accounts for the spread of political protest and contention across countries? Analyzing the wildfire of attempted revolutions in 1848, the present article assesses four causal

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe

Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world,

Regime Cycles: Democracy, Autocracy, and Revolution in Post-Soviet Eurasia

Research on regime change has often wound up chasing events in the post-Soviet world because it has frequently assumed that regime change, if not simple instability, implies a trajectory toward a

Diffusion and the Constitutionalization of Europe

This article begins with a rather forceful defense of the explanatory role of formal institutions—and, in particular, constitutions—in the study of democratization. Important aspects of constitutions
...