Democratic Parliamentary Monarchies

@article{Stepan2014DemocraticPM,
  title={Democratic Parliamentary Monarchies},
  author={Alfred Stepan and Juan Jos{\'e} Linz and Juli F. Minoves},
  journal={Journal of Democracy},
  year={2014},
  volume={25},
  pages={35 - 51}
}
In this essay, the authors propose a three-part ideal-type typology that distinguishes between “ruling monarchy,” “constitutional monarchy,” and what they call “democratic parliamentary monarchy” (or DPM for short). For us, the defining characteristic of a DPM is that only the freely elected parliament forms and terminates the government. In a constitutional monarchy, by contrast, there is a strong element of dual legitimacy in that parliament and the monarch need each other’s support in order… 

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