Democracy and the Settlement of International Borders, 1919 to 2001

  title={Democracy and the Settlement of International Borders, 1919 to 2001},
  author={Douglas M Gibler and Andrew P. Owsiak},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  pages={1847 - 1875}
There is increasing evidence that territorial conflict is associated with centralized and nondemocratic regimes. We explore whether this relationship is due to the facility of democratic regimes to settle their international borders. Using Owsiak’s data set on border settlement processes, we find little evidence that democratic regimes are more likely than other types of regimes to settle their borders. In fact, joint democracy rarely precedes the first border agreement or full settlement of… 

Tables from this paper

Settling Resistant Territorial Disputes: The Territorial Boundary Peace in Latin America
Why do some territorial disputes defy settlement? Through what mechanism might these resistant territorial disputes be settled? We propose that the answer involves three individually necessary and
Democratizing the dispute: democratization and the history of conflict management
ABSTRACT What explains the complex processes of democratization and conflict management? Are new democracies more likely to use peaceful means or engage in militarized means when presented with
Revisionist Conflict and State Repression
What kinds of international conflicts make states more likely to increase repression? I argue that the issues at stake in conflict may have different levels of domestic salience and may alter the
Warlike and Peaceful Societies: The Interaction of Genes and Culture
Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised
Precrisis military hostility and escalation in international crises
Why do some international crises escalate into violence while others do not? I argue that an understanding of crisis behavior necessitates awareness of the processes preceding a crisis and propose
9. Discussion And Conclusion
  • A. Fog
  • Medicine
    Sweet Home Chicago?
  • 2018
About warlike and peaceful societies
  • A. Fog
  • Political Science
    Adapt. Behav.
  • 2018


The Cart and the Horse Redux: The Timing of Border Settlement and Joint Democracy
Do democratic dyads handle their disputes more peacefully than non-democratic dyads, or have they cleared the most contentious issues (that is, unsettled borders) off their foreign policy agenda
Bordering on Peace: Democracy, Territorial Issues, and Conflict
I argue that democracy and peace are both symptoms—not causes—of the removal of territorial issues between neighbors, and in this sense the “empirical law” of democratic peace may in fact be
Democracy and the Peaceful Settlement of International Conflict.
The research reported here develops an explanation for the often-noted absence of international war between democratic states. This explanation is derived from a theoretical rationale centered on
Settled Borders and Regime Type: Democratic Transitions as Consequences of Peaceful Territorial Transfers
Research arguing that external threats determine regime type has generally failed to provide systematic evidence in favor of the peace-to-democracy hypothesis. We suspect that the lack of
Signing Up for Peace: International Boundary Agreements, Democracy, and Militarized Interstate Conflict
Can states usher in more peaceful relations with their neighbors by signing agreements that delineate their territorial boundaries? Theory suggests such a possibility, but the empirical evidence to
Border settlement and the movement toward and from negative peace
How does border settlement—that is, the management of salient territorial conflict—affect the prospects for negative peace? Using recently released data on dyadic interstate relationships during the
Foundations for integrating the democratic and territorial peace arguments
The democratic and territorial peace arguments explain interstate peace via distinct mechanisms. Yet they can be integrated. I theoretically derive both the unique domains in which each argument
Democratization and International Border Agreements
Does the removal of salient external threats foster democratization? Recent research proposes an affirmative answer but either fails to examine democratization at the monadic level, to consider
Dangerous neighbours, regional territorial conflict and the democratic peace
The likelihood of conflict and the observation of joint democracy tend to cluster regionally. This article tests the argument that these clusters can be explained by regional variations in the
Beyond Territorial Contiguity: Issues at Stake in Democratic Militarized Interstate Disputes
Scholars of international politics have been slow to address the fundamental issues that ground interstate conflict. Territory has frequently been cited as a primary source of contention among