Democracy, Enlightenment, and Revolution: Cantonese Marxists and Chinese Social Democracy, 1920–1922

  title={Democracy, Enlightenment, and Revolution: Cantonese Marxists and Chinese Social Democracy, 1920–1922},
  author={Xuduo Zhao},
  journal={Modern China},
  • Xuduo Zhao
  • Published 28 September 2020
  • Sociology
  • Modern China
This article discusses two different attitudes toward elections and democracy among the early Chinese communists. It argues that apart from some communist leaders in Shanghai who saw nothing of val... 



The primacy of politics : social democracy and the making of Europe's twentieth century

1. Introduction 2. The background and foundations 3. Democratic revisionism comes of age 4. National socialism 5. From revisionism to social democracy 6. Fascism and national socialism 7. The Swedish

The Formation of the Chinese Communist Party

Introduction to the English Edition (2010)Introduction (2001)1. The Reception of Marxism in China2. Soviet Russia3. Toward the Formation of the Chinese Communist Party4. The First National Congress

The origins of Chinese Communism

Based on a wealth of archival material released after Mao's death, this book offers a revisionist account of the introduction and triumph of Marxism in China. Dirlik shows that, in 1919, at the

The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy

Preface. 1. Socialism and After. The death of socialism. Old--style social democracy. The neoliberal outlook. The doctrines compared. The recent debates. Structures of political support. The fate of

The Bolsheviks and the Chinese revolution, 1919-1927

Based mainly on unknown Russian archival sources which have previously been unobtainable, this book analyses the Bolshevik concepts of the Chinese revolution and their reception in China. Issues

Chinese Business Groups in Hong Kong and Political Change in South China 1900-1925

List of Illustrations - List of Maps - Acknowledgements - List of Abbreviations - A Note on Romanization - Introduction: Business and Politics - An Immigrant Community and its Leadership, 1841-1900 -

Anarchism and Chinese political culture

Naphtali Lewis and Meyer Reinhold's Roman Civilization is a classic. Originally published by Columbia University Press in 1955, the authors have undertaken another revision which takes into account

Main currents of Marxism: Its rise, growth, and dissolution

There is no agreed view of the development of Marxism, but it seems fair to say that the view taken of it by many present-day Western Marxists corresponds roughly to the Protestant view of the

What is to Be Done

The history of all countries shows that the working class, exclusively by its own effort, is able to develop only trade union consciousness, i.e., it may itself realize the necessity for combining in

Direct Action: An Ethnography

In the best tradition of participant-observation, anthropologist David Graeber undertakes the first detailed ethnographic study of the global justice movement. Starting from the assumption that, when