Democracies without Parties

@article{Anckar2000DemocraciesWP,
  title={Democracies without Parties},
  author={Dag Anckar and Carsten Anckar},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2000},
  volume={33},
  pages={225 - 247}
}
The belief that modern democracy is party democracy is widespread. However, the belief may be questioned. A number of small independent island states that subscribe to a high extent to democratic values, standards, and institutions manage without political parties. In all, six such cases exist, namely, Belau (Palau), the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, and Tuvalu. The analysis of these cases is guided by three general assumptions: (a) the impact of diminutive… 

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