Dementia of the Alzheimer type: clinical and family study of 22 twin pairs.


We studied 22 twin pairs in which one or both twins had dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT). In four twins, diagnosis was confirmed by autopsy. Seven monozygotic (MZ) pairs were concordant for DAT; 10 MZ pairs were discordant. Two dizygotic (DZ) pairs were concordant for DAT, and 3 DZ pairs were discordant. The current concordance rate was 41% for MZ twins… (More)