Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics

@inproceedings{Crenshaw1989DemarginalizingTI,
  title={Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics},
  author={Kimberl{\'e} Williams Crenshaw},
  year={1989}
}
One of the very few Black women's studies books is entitled All the Women Are White; All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us are Brave.1 I have chosen this title as a point of departure in my efforts to develop a Black feminist criticism 2 because it sets forth a problematic consequence of the tendency to treat race and gender as mutually exclusive categories of experience and analysis.' In this talk, I want to examine how this tendency is perpetuated by a single-axis framework that is dominant… 

THE INTERSECTIONAL FIFTH BLACK WOMAN1

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white men for centuries have justified their sexual abuse of Black women by claiming that we are licentious, always 'ready' for any sexual encounter

    But Some of Us Are Brave at 110 (cited in note 1) (noting that

      Black women were seen having an of the inferior qualities of white women without any of their virtues

      • Paula Giddings notes the combined effect of sexual and racial stereotypes

      See also Hooks, Ain't I a Woman at 54 (cited in note 19) (stating that stereotypical images of Black womanhood during slavery were based on the myth that

      • 1983

      Between 1976and 1979,the percentage of white males in these positions ranged from 85

        Vuyanich v Republic National Bank of Dallas

        • 1979

        ) (recalling the controversy in the late 70S over a Rolling Stones recording which included the line "Black girls just wanna get fucked all night

        • Taking Stock of the Latest Pop Record Surprises

        Dermarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics.

        • The University of Chicago Legal Forum
        • 1989