Delving into the carbon footprints of Singapore — comparing direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions of a small and open economic system

@inproceedings{Schulz2015DelvingIT,
  title={Delving into the carbon footprints of Singapore — comparing direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions of a small and open economic system},
  author={Niels B. Schulz},
  year={2015}
}
Small and open economic systems like cities face specific challenges for greenhouse gas accounting. They typically import most of their energy requirements as secondary energy products based on conversion processes which caused emissions elsewhere. Emission estimates therefore already require attention not only to direct on-site activities. Moreover, for a comprehensive approach it is suggested to include upstream and downstream processes of connected socioeconomic systems and the indirect… CONTINUE READING

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