Deliberate Insectivory by the Fruit Bat Pteropus poliocephalus by Aerial Hunting

  title={Deliberate Insectivory by the Fruit Bat Pteropus poliocephalus by Aerial Hunting},
  author={Simon Clulow and Adam T. Blundell},
The diet of the Old World fruit bats (Pteropodidae) has been well studied with a large inventory of nectar and fruit bearing plant species known to be consumed. It is far less certain, however, whether pteropodid bats intentionally supplement their diet with insects in a similar fashion to many other frugivorous and nectivorous species, including some New World fruit bats of the family Phyllostomidae. Several reports of pteropodid bats consuming insects in captivity exist, and insects have been… 

Insectivory in Fijian flying foxes (Pteropodidae)

On the basis of scat results and ecological observations, P. tonganus uses a combination of insectivory and a highly varied plant diet to obtain sufficient nutrients and is likely to consume moths frequently.

The Conflict Between Pteropodid Bats and Fruit Growers: Species, Legislation and Mitigation

Pteropodid bats damage a wide range of fruit crops, exacerbated by continuing loss of their natural food as forests are cleared. In some countries where such damage occurs, bats are not legally

The Critical Importance of Old World Fruit Bats for Healthy Ecosystems and Economies

Research on pteropodid-plant interactions, comprising diet, ecological roles, and ecosystem services, conducted during 1985-2020 is synthesised and notable research gaps and important research priorities are identified to support conservation action for pteripodids are identified.

Dietary analysis of the Indian Flying Fox Pteropus giganteus (Brunnich, 1782) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Myanmar through the analysis of faecal and chewed remnants

Observations indicate that Indian Flying Fox Pteropus giganteus is a phytophagous bat with rapid intestinal passage.

Preference of an insular flying fox for seed figs enhances seed dispersal of a dioecious species

It is suggested that the abundance of seed figs accurately represents food availability for dioecy in figs and the effects of gut passage on seed germination, in combination with the capacity of flying foxes to travel long distances, may substantially contribute to the efficiency of flying Foxes as seed dispersers.

A comparison of nutritional value of native and alien food plants for a critically endangered island flying-fox

The need to quantify nutritional parameters in addition to feeding ecology when evaluating habitat quality to inform conservation actions that can be applied both locally and globally is confirmed.

Multiple adaptive losses of alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase mitochondrial targeting in fruit-eating bats.

Researchers studied the AGT gene in bats and other mammals with diverse diets and found that the MTS has been lost in unrelated lineages of frugivorous bats, whereas species exhibiting piscivory, carnivory, insectivory and sanguinivory possessed intact MTSs.

Is protein content in the diet of Wahlberg’s epauletted fruit bats, Epomophorus wahlbergi, important?

Wahlberg’s epauletted fruit bat, Epomophorus wahlbergi, feeds on a range of fruit, nectar, pollen and flowers. Frugivores may have difficulties in maintaining their protein requirements since fruit



Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)

The authors' observations that A. jamaicensis selects and chews leaves high in protein and rejects protein-poor, fibrous pellets, support the hypothesis that these bats extract liquid fractions which contain a reliable source of dietary protein.

Folivory in the Big Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus lituratus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in eastern Brazil

A study of folivory in Artibeus lituratus, a common Neotropical bat, whose frugivorous diet also includes insects, pollen and leaves, carried out in the park of the Museu de Biologia Mello Leitao in Santa Teresa, Espirito Santo, eastern Brazil.

Feeding ecology of the northern Ryukyu fruit bat, Pteropus dasymallus dasymallus, in a warm‐temperate region

Seasonal dietary shifts and food choice were evident, and flowers, leaves or insects formed a small but nutritionally important component of the diet of the bat.

Old World phytophagous bats (Megachiroptera) and their food plants: a survey

Despite the authors' ignorance about the relationship between Megachiroptera and plants, it appears that most bats are catholic in their choice of food, and most plants are visited by a diversity of bats.

An analysis of diet specialization in frugivorous Pteropus poliocephalus (Megachiroptera) in Australian subtropical rainforest

  • P. Eby
  • Environmental Science
  • 1998
The Grey-headed flying fox Pteropus poliocephalus Temminck 1825 is the only mammalian frugivore to occupy substantial areas of the subtropical rainforests of eastern Australia and its diet and diet specialization are pertinent to studies of trophic structure, seed dispersal and evolutionary processes in these forests.

Tropical Frugivorous Birds and Their Food Plants: A World Survey

Of the plant families which have coevolved with frugivorous birds to produce fruits of this kind, three (Lauraceae, Burseraceae, and Palmae) are of outstanding importance, and by comparison with the American tropics and Australasia, the forest flora of Africa is poor in plants of these families, and the number of specialized frugvores is also small.

Dietary Overlap in Frugivorous and Insectivorous Bats from Edaphic Cerrado Habitats of Brazil

The results failed to detect pervasive dietary differences among species that are related to size considerations, and a homogeneous group of insectivorous species was produced based on classification of diet into hard-bodied versus soft-bodied insects.


Whereas in the Eastern Hemisphere, all nectar-feeding bats are members of the suborder Megachiroptera, in the tropical and subtropical portions of the Western Hemisphere (in the absence of

Sources of assimilated protein in five species of New World frugivorous bats

It is shown that frugivorous bats might differ in their strategies to satisfy their N demands with some species relying almost completely on fruits during most of the year and some species switching to insects when fruits were less abundant.

Fruit Intake and Energy Budgets of Frugivorous Bats

It is found that the pteropodids' high fruit intakes are determined by the protein content of the fruits they exploit, and they appear to be obliged to overingest energy in order to obtain sufficient protein.