Deletion of STAT5a/b in vascular smooth muscle abrogates the male bias in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in mice: implications in the human disease.

Chronic hypoxia typically elicits pulmonary hypertension (PH) in mice with a male-dominant phenotype. There is an opposite-sex bias in human PH, with a higher prevalence in women, but greater survival (the "estrogen paradox"). We investigated the involvement of the STAT5a/b species, previously established to mediate sexual dimorphism in other contexts, in… CONTINUE READING