Delayed respiratory depression following fentanyl anesthesia for cardiac surgery.

High-dose fentanyl anesthesia is widely used in cardiac surgery. Its immediate side-effects are well known. However, its late adverse effect manifested by extreme truncal rigidity, decreased chest wall compliance, hypoventilation, respiratory acidosis and hemodynamic instability is not sufficiently appreciated. Of 380 patients who underwent aortocoronary… (More)