Delayed Reciprocity and Tolerated Theft: The Behavioral Ecology of Food-Sharing Strategies

@article{Bird1997DelayedRA,
  title={Delayed Reciprocity and Tolerated Theft: The Behavioral Ecology of Food-Sharing Strategies},
  author={Douglas W. Bird},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={1997},
  volume={38},
  pages={49 - 78}
}
  • D. Bird
  • Published 1 February 1997
  • Sociology
  • Current Anthropology
Models derived from behavioral ecology may have the potential to explain a great deal of variability in food-sharing patterns within and between human societies. We use quantitative observational data on the sharing of large animal prey among the Meriam of the Torres Strait to test specific predictions of reciprocity-based and tolerated-theft sharing models, evaluating the extent to which such models can account for the way in which prey is distributed after acquisition. We also evaluate the… Expand
Risk and reciprocity in Meriam food sharing
Abstract Foragers who do not practice food storage might adapt to fluctuating food supplies by sharing surplus resources in times of plenty with the expectation of receiving in times of shortfall. InExpand
Reciprocal altruism and food sharing decisions among Hiwi and Ache hunter–gatherers
  • M. Gurven
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 2004
TLDR
A model of optimal sharing breadth and depth is presented, based on a general non-tit-for-tat form of risk-reduction based reciprocal altruism, and a series of predictions using data from Hiwi and Ache foragers are tested. Expand
To give and to give not: The behavioral ecology of human food transfers
  • M. Gurven
  • Psychology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2004
The transfer of food among group members is a ubiquitous feature of small-scale forager and forager-agricultural populations. The uniqueness of pervasive sharing among humans, especially amongExpand
Reciprocity explains food sharing in humans and other primates independent of kin selection and tolerated scrounging: a phylogenetic meta-analysis
  • A. Jaeggi, M. Gurven
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2013
TLDR
This study is the first to use meta-analyses to quantify the effects on human helping and to directly compare humans and other primates, finding similar effect sizes in humans and primates speak against cognitive constraints on reciprocity. Expand
Food Transfers Among Hiwi Foragers of Venezuela: Tests of Reciprocity
Although food sharing has been observed in many traditional societies, we still do not have a deep understanding of how various ecological conditions produce variation in who gives and who receivesExpand
The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies
TLDR
It is concluded that relatively inefficient hunting or sharing choices may be maintained in a population if they serve as costly and reliable signals designed to reveal the signaler's qualities to observers. Expand
Hadza meat sharing.
TLDR
Previously unpublished data from the Tanzanian Hadza are used to test hypotheses drawn from a simple version of the "sharing as exchange" argument, and an alternative based partly on the observation that a successful hunter does not control the distribution of his kill is elaborate. Expand
Consumption and Production: Sharing and the Social Construction of Use-Value
This paper addresses the social construction of use-value within the framework of evolutionary ecology and explores implications for an understanding of variation in foraging behaviour. That patternsExpand
Cooperative dynamics among hunter-gatherers: An experimental investigation of adaptive hypotheses
From small-scale food-sharing among hunter-gatherers to large-scale institutions in modern industrial societies, cooperation is central to human success. This thesis focuses on the former, exploringExpand
The selfish nature of generosity: harassment and food sharing in primates
  • J. Stevens
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
It is suggested that harassment can play a significant role in primate food sharing, providing a simple alternative to reciprocity and implications for economic, psychological and evolutionary studies of cooperative systems. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Food Sharing Among Ache Foragers: Tests of Explanatory Hypotheses [and Comments and Reply]
This paper aims to describe and explain aspects of food sharing among Ache hunter-gatherers of eastern Paraguay. Food sharing has been widely held to be a fundamental feature of the hunting andExpand
A marginal model of tolerated theft
Abstract Using marginal analysis to represent Blurton Jones's concept of tolerated theft, I show how equilibrium resource transfers among individuals might be affected by foraging behavior, resourceExpand
A selfish origin for human food sharing: Tolerated theft
Abstract Individuals will be selected to fight only for a fitness gain. If food is found in large packages, some of the package falls high on a diminishing returns curve of the fitness value of theExpand
Why Hunter-Gatherers Work: An Ancient Version of the Problem of Public Goods [and Comments and Reply]
People who hunt and gather for a living share some resources more widely than others. A favored hypothesis to explain the differential sharing is that giving up portions of large, unpredictableExpand
Diet choice, risk, and food sharing in a stochastic environment
TLDR
The results show that the rate-maximizing and risk-minimizing diets are similar; that sharing is more effective than changes in diet in reducing risk; and that the risk-reduction which can be obtained from sharing requires quite small numbers of participants. Expand
Demand sharing: reciprocity and the pressure for generosity among foragers
Despite the prevalence of an ethic of generosity among foragers, much sharing is by demand rather than by unsolicited giving. Although a behavioristic model of demand sharing can be seen as matchingExpand
Contemporary Shellfish Gathering Strategies among the Meriam of the Torres Strait Islands, Australia: Testing Predictions of a Central Place Foraging Model
This paper explores a central place foraging model with data on Meriam intertidal shellfish gathering strategies, field processing practices, patterns of resource transport, and consequences of theseExpand
Behavioral foundations of reciprocity: experimental economics and evolutionary psychology
Laboratory experiments have generally supported the theorem that, in classical property rights environments, noncooperative behavior in markets yields efficient social outcomes. Experiments, however,Expand
The logic of asymmetric contests
Abstract A theoretical analysis is made of the evolution of behavioural strategies in contest situations. It is assumed that behaviour will evolve so as to maximize individual fitness. If so, aExpand
Wealth, Status, and Reproductive Success among the Mukogodo of Kenya
Fieldwork conducted in 1985-87 among the Mukogodo a pastoralist population in north-central Kenya provided support for Irons hypothesis that culturally defined values are proximate to the ultimateExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...