Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

@article{Cheung2003DelayedOM,
  title={Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness},
  author={Karoline Cheung and Patria Hume and Linda Maxwell},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2003},
  volume={33},
  pages={145-164}
}
AbstractDelayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a familiar experience for the elite or novice athlete. Symptoms can range from muscle tenderness to severe debilitating pain. The mechanisms, treatment strategies, and impact on athletic performance remain uncertain, despite the high incidence of DOMS. DOMS is most prevalent at the beginning of the sporting season when athletes are returning to training following a period of reduced activity. DOMS is also common when athletes are first introduced… 
Advances in Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) - Part II: Treatment and Prevention.
  • R. Heiss, C. Lutter, T. Hotfiel
  • Medicine
    Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft fur Orthopadisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
  • 2019
TLDR
Treatment considerations focus on the primary prevention of ultrastructural lesions during exercise, the treatment of the inflammatory response that leads to DOMS, and recovery strategies for manifest DOMS.
Douleurs musculaires posteffort Delayed post effort muscle soreness
TLDR
Interestingly, there is strong evidence that the progression of the exercise-induced muscle injury proceeds no further in the absence of inflammation, and DOMS should not be considered as an indicator of muscle damage but, rather, a sign of the regenerative process, which is well known to contribute to the increased muscle mass.
THE PATHOGENETIC MECHANISM IN DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENES
TLDR
The muscle cell disturbances and adaptation processes known to be involved in pathogenetic mechanisms of DOMS are summarized and could be of clinical importance in sports medicine.
Effects of massage on delayed-onset muscle soreness, swelling, and recovery of muscle function.
TLDR
Delayed-onset muscle soreness was significantly less for the massage condition for peak soreness in extending the elbow joint and palpating the brachioradialis muscle, but no significant effects of massage on recovery of muscle strength and ROM were evident.
DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS: MYTHS AND REALITIES
TLDR
Some myths and realities about Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness are explored in an attempt to wade through the murk that surrounds this difficult and common condition.
Delayed onset muscle soreness: No pain, no gain? The truth behind this adage
TLDR
Insight is provided into delayed onset muscle soreness, a phenomenon that is often experienced by recreational and elite athletes and who will benefit from understanding the proposed mechanisms, signs and symptoms of the condition.
Delayed onset muscle soreness: is massage effective?
Delayed onset muscle soreness: Involvement of neurotrophic factors
TLDR
This model has found that muscle fiber damage is not essential, although it is sufficient, for induction of DOMS, instead, NGF and GDNF produced by muscle fibers/satellite cells play crucial roles in DOMS.
DOR MUSCULAR TARDIA: ETIOLOGIA E TRATAMENTO DELAYED MUSCLE SORENESS: ETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT Cláudia Roberta Vilela do Nascimento
TLDR
The presence of innermuscular proteins in the blood, cytokines in tissue and in blood, and migration of leukocytes to injured area, confirms the hypothesis that plasmatic membrane injuries and microinjuries in the muscular structure lead to an inflammatory response causing pain.
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References

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Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) generally occurs between 24 and 72 hours after a bout of unaccustomed exercise that involves eccentric muscle action. In this review, a variety of aerobic and
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  • Medicine
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TLDR
The best treatment for delayed-onset muscular soreness appears to be muscular activity, although the sensation again returns following the exercise, and training for the specific contractile activity that causes DOMS reduces the soreness response.
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TLDR
Evidence from the literature of the involvement of cytokines, complement, neutrophils, monocytes and macrophages in the acute phase response are presented in this review.
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: What Is It and How Do We Treat It?
TLDR
The etiology of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is not so clear, and the effect on the recovery of muscle function is unknown, so the treatment of DOMS remains an enigma.
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TLDR
It is concluded that none of the treatments were effective in abating the signs and symptoms of DOMS, and in fact, the NSAID and A. montana treatments appeared to impede recovery of muscle function.
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness and Decreased Isokinetic Strength
TLDR
It was suggested that a reduction in the training regimen be considered during the first few days following eccentric exercise when DOMS is the greatest and isokinetic strength is altered.
The effects of three modalities on delayed onset muscle soreness.
TLDR
Testing the impact of therapeutic massage, upper body ergometry, or microcurrent electrical stimulation on muscle soreness and force deficits evident following a high-intensity eccentric exercise bout indicated no statistically significant differences.
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TLDR
A non-significant correlation between pain and STR indicated that pain was not a major factor in strength loss, and the prolonged nature of these symptoms indicates that repair to damaged soft tissue is a slow process.
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  • Medicine
    British journal of sports medicine
  • 1998
TLDR
Whether post-exercise massage alleviates the symptoms of DOMS after a bout of strenuous exercise is determined and massage therapy may be a promising treatment for DOMS.
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