Degrees of freedom of tongue movements in speech may be constrained by biomechanics

@inproceedings{Perrier2000DegreesOF,
  title={Degrees of freedom of tongue movements in speech may be constrained by biomechanics},
  author={Pascal Perrier and Joseph S. Perkell and Yohan Payan and Majid Zandipour and Frank H. Guenther and Ali Khalighi},
  booktitle={INTERSPEECH},
  year={2000}
}
A number of studies carried out on different languages have found that tongue movements in speech are made along two primary degrees of freedom (d.f.s): the high-front to low-back axis and the high-back to low-front axis. We explore the hypothesis that these two main d.f.s could find their origins in the physical properties of the vocal tract. A large set… CONTINUE READING