Degradation and bound-residue formation of nonylphenol in red soil and the effects of ammonium.

Abstract

Fate of nonylphenol (NP) in soils and the effects of nitrogen fertilizers are unclear. Using (14)C-tracer, we studied the aerobic and anaerobic degradation of 4-NP111 in a paddy red soil amended without and with ammonium chloride. Under oxic conditions, 4-NP111 had a half-life of 16.1 ± 1.6 days and minor mineralization (3.84 ± 0.02%), forming no… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.11.017

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