Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation: A Review

@article{Sell1997DefiningAM,
  title={Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation: A Review},
  author={Randall Sell},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
  year={1997},
  volume={26},
  pages={643-658}
}
  • R. Sell
  • Published 1 December 1997
  • Psychology
  • Archives of Sexual Behavior
How to define and identify sexual orientations for the purpose of constructing representative samples of homosexuals, bisexuals, and heterosexuals is unclear and confusing to researchers. Different definitions and measures have been proposed and used to develop samples since the 1860s when sexual orientations first gained widespread research interest. Unfortunately, the definitions and measurement tools used since men result in the selection of divergent and incomparable samples. If advances in… 

Sexual identity and sexual orientation

Despite a rich theory base about ways to define and understand sexual orientation and sexual identity, there is little consensus about these. This may well be due to the significant and unresolved

Chasing Sexual Orientation: A Comparison of Commonly Used Single-Indicator Measures of Sexual Orientation

This research investigated the utility of single-indicator measures of sexual orientation in examining group differences in adolescents and young adults and found that classification ofSexual orientation by single- Indicator measures can lead to inconsistent conclusions across studies.

2 Models and Measures of Sexual Orientation

This chapter provides an in-depth examination of the varied models and measures most commonly used to determine sexual orientation, in general, or bisexuality, in particular and offers some recommendations for the establishment of future models.

How to Measure Sexual Orientation Range and Why It's Worth Measuring

First proposed by Epstein, McKinney, Fox, and Garcia (2012), sexual orientation range (SOR) is an objective continuous measure of the flexibility people have in expressing their sexual orientation.

The Dual Scales of Sexual Orientation

Abstract Previous measures of sexual orientation ignore the possibility that attraction to men and attraction to women vary independently. In two studies, we test the structure and validity of the

Multidimensional Measurement of Sexual Orientation: Present

To understand the current state of research on sexual orientation, we need to address some important questions. Is the distribution of sexual orientation discrete or continuous? Is it best measured

Sexual Minority Reflections on the Kinsey Scale and the Klein Sexual Orientation Grid: Conceptualization and Measurement

This research investigated responses of sexual minority individuals to two sexual orientation scales regarding how well the scales capture their sexuality. Participants were self-identified sexual

Sexual Orientation: Categories or Continuum? Commentary on Bailey et al. (2016)

  • R. Savin-Williams
  • Psychology
    Psychological science in the public interest : a journal of the American Psychological Society
  • 2016
Evidence from research investigating in-between sexualities is presented to support an alternative, continuum-based perspective regarding the nature of sexual orientation for both women and men.

Gendered Sexuality: A New Model and Measure of Attraction and Intimacy

Results suggest that four factors adequately accounted for the variance in gendered sexuality in a large sample of young adults and suggested that discrepancies between desired and available behavior predict dissatisfaction in interpersonal role as measured by the Outcome Questionnaire 45.2.

Measurement of Sexual Identity in Surveys: Implications for Substance Abuse Research

Substance use outcomes among the sexual minority subgroups differed based on the sexual identity question format used: bisexual participants showed greater risk of substance use in analyses using the three-category measure whereas “mostly heterosexual” participants were at greater risk when data were analyzed using the five- category measure.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES

Research on sexual orientation: definitions and methods.

Because of the great variation in both conception and operational definitions of sexual orientation, the investigators conclude, is symptomatic of an underlying conceptual confusion.

Sexual orientation: a multi-variable dynamic process.

Analysis of the data from subjects who filled out the KSOG in Forum Magazine indicated that the instrument was a reliable and valid research tool which took into consideration the multi-variable and dynamic aspects of sexual orientation.

The Multidimensional Scale of Sexuality.

The Multidimensional Scale of Sexuality was developed to validate and to contrast six proposed categories of bisexuality, as well as categories related to heterosexuality, homosexuality, and asexuality, which includes ratings of the behavioral and cognitive/affective components of sexuality.

Components of sexual identity.

This paper examines the four components of sexual identity: biological sex, gender identity, social sex-role, and sexual orientation. Theories about he development of each component and how they

Sampling homosexuals, bisexuals, gays, and lesbians for public health research: a review of the literature from 1990 to 1992.

Methods used to identify homosexuals, bisexuals, gays, and lesbians for public health research produce samples representative of different and sometimes unidentifiable populations.

Homosexuality and bisexuality in different populations

  • M. Diamond
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 1993
This review of studies from the U.S. and elsewhere indicate that it is unreasonable to consider the often-used figure of 10% of the male population as more or less regularly engaging in same-sex activities.

Sexual Behavior in the Human Male

"Sexual Behavior in the Human Female" was originally published in 1953, five years after the male volume. The material presented in this book was derived from personal interviews with nearly 6,000

A factor analysis of the Klein sexual orientation Grid in two disparate samples

Factor analyses of the Klein Grid are reported to see how many factors emerge in two samples of strikingly different origins, and conclude that both the lumpers and the splitters are correct.

A modification of the Sexual Orientation Method and an automated technique for presentation and scoring.

A computer-assisted psychometric system (C.A.P.S.) for automated presentation of psychometric tests and questionnaires is described, and some of its clinical applications are discussed. The system

Homosexuality : research implications for public policy

The definition and Scope of Sexual Orientation and the empirical basis for the Demise of the Illness Model of Homosexuality, and a Scientific Examination Homosexual Identity are presented.