Deficiency of the tumor promoter gene wip1 induces insulin resistance.

Abstract

Diabetes is a growing health care issue, and prediabetes has been established as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is characterized by deregulated glucose control, and elucidating pathways which govern this process is critical. We have identified the wild-type (WT) p53-inducible phosphatase (WIP1) phosphatase as a regulator of glucose homeostasis. Initial characterization of insulin signaling in WIP1 knockout (WIP1(KO)) murine embryo fibroblasts demonstrated reduced insulin-mediated Ak mouse transforming activation. In order to assess the role of WIP1 in glucose homeostasis, we performed metabolic analysis on mice on a low-fat chow diet (LFD) and high fat diet (HFD). We observed increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines in WIP1(KO) murine embryo fibroblasts, and WIP1(KO) mice fed a LFD and a HFD. WIP1(KO) mice exhibited glucose intolerance and insulin intolerance on a LFD and HFD. However, the effects of WIP1 deficiency cause different metabolic defects in mice on a LFD and a HFD. WIP1(KO) mice on a LFD develop hepatic insulin resistance, whereas this is not observed in HFD-fed mice. Mouse body weights and food consumption increase slightly over time in LFD-fed WT and WIP1(KO) mice. Leptin levels are increased in LFD-fed WIP1(KO) mice, compared with WT. In contrast, HFD-fed WIP1(KO) mice are resistant to HFD-induced obesity, have decreased levels of food consumption, and decreased leptin levels compared with HFD-WT mice. WIP1 has been shown to regulate the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells pathway, loss of which leads to increased inflammation. We propose that this increased inflammation triggers insulin resistance in WIP1(KO) mice on LFD and HFD.

DOI: 10.1210/me.2014-1136
0204020162017
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@article{Armata2015DeficiencyOT, title={Deficiency of the tumor promoter gene wip1 induces insulin resistance.}, author={Heather L. Armata and Sally R Chamberland and Lauren Watts and Hwi Jin Ko and Yongjin Lee and Dae Young Jung and Jason Kim and Hayla K. Sluss}, journal={Molecular endocrinology}, year={2015}, volume={29 1}, pages={28-39} }