Defensiveness versus remediation: self-theories and modes of self-esteem maintenance.

@article{Nussbaum2008DefensivenessVR,
  title={Defensiveness versus remediation: self-theories and modes of self-esteem maintenance.},
  author={Allen Nussbaum and Carol S. Dweck},
  journal={Personality & social psychology bulletin},
  year={2008},
  volume={34 5},
  pages={
          599-612
        }
}
How people maintain and repair their self-esteem has been a topic of widespread interest. In this article, the authors ask, What determines whether people will use direct, remedial actions, or defensive actions? In three studies, they tested the hypothesis that a belief in fixed intelligence (entity theory) would produce defensiveness, whereas a belief in improvable intelligence (incremental theory) would foster remediation. In each study, participants assigned to the entity condition opted for… CONTINUE READING

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So that ’ s what smart is : Environment theories of intelligence influence self - presentation and core values

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