Defensiveness Versus Remediation: Self-Theories and Modes of Self-Esteem Maintenance

@article{Nussbaum2008DefensivenessVR,
  title={Defensiveness Versus Remediation: Self-Theories and Modes of Self-Esteem Maintenance},
  author={A. Nussbaum and C. Dweck},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2008},
  volume={34},
  pages={599 - 612}
}
  • A. Nussbaum, C. Dweck
  • Published 2008
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
How people maintain and repair their self-esteem has been a topic of widespread interest. In this article, the authors ask, What determines whether people will use direct, remedial actions, or defensive actions? In three studies, they tested the hypothesis that a belief in fixed intelligence (entity theory) would produce defensiveness, whereas a belief in improvable intelligence (incremental theory) would foster remediation. In each study, participants assigned to the entity condition opted for… Expand
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