Defensive hostility: relationship to multiple markers of cardiac ischemia in patients with coronary disease.

Abstract

Three studies assessed whether the combined traits of hostility and defensiveness identify a group of hostile individuals with functionally severe coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD patients completed the Cook-Medley Hostility Inventory (Ho) and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC). Patients were classified into 4 groups: defensive hostile (DH… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Helmers1995DefensiveHR, title={Defensive hostility: relationship to multiple markers of cardiac ischemia in patients with coronary disease.}, author={Karin F. Helmers and David S Krantz and Christoph Merz and J. Klein and W. J. Kop and J S Gottdiener and Andrei Rozanski}, journal={Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association}, year={1995}, volume={14 3}, pages={202-9} }