Defensive aspects of burrowing behavior in rats (Rattus Norvegicus): A descriptive and correlational study

  title={Defensive aspects of burrowing behavior in rats (Rattus Norvegicus): A descriptive and correlational study},
  author={Akiyoshi Kitaoka},
  journal={Behavioural Processes},
  • A. Kitaoka
  • Published 1 February 1994
  • Biology, Psychology
  • Behavioural Processes
Tsukuba High- and Low-Emotional strains of rats (Rattus norvegicus): An overview
It was remarkable that THE rats showed more burrowing activity than TLE animals, whereas the latter displayed more aggression than the former.
Marble burying reflects a repetitive and perseverative behavior more than novelty-induced anxiety
Results indicate that mouse marble burying is genetically regulated, not correlated with other anxiety-like traits, not stimulated by novelty, and is a repetitive behavior that persists/perseveres with little change across multiple exposures.
The worm re-turns: hiding behavior of a tube-dwelling marine polychaete, Serpula vermicularis
It is shown that a worm's hiding time will be sensitive to the lost-opportunity cost, and this cost can be substantial, given that food in the natural habitat appears in pulses, and good feeding conditions may not last long or recur frequently.
The Effect of Some Aversive Stimuli and Drug (Epinephrine) On Cognitive Behavior in Rat Model
The use of shock as an aversive stimulus equally potentiated a delay response in the test groups leading to cognitive deficits as observed, suggesting possible mental-alerting function of epinephrine centrally.
Control of Behavioral Arousal and Defense by a Glutamatergic Midbrain-Amygdala Pathway in Mice
It is demonstrated that selective activation of VTA glutamatergic neurons induced immediate transition from sleep to wakefulness and obviously increased the amount of wakefulness in mice and the possibility that the glutamatorgic VTA-CeA pathway may be involved in psychiatric diseases featuring with excessive defense is discussed.
The role of ultrasonic vocalizations in the formation of rat groups in a semi-natural environment
This study investigated if ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) had an effect on the formation of groups of rats in a semi-natural setting that allowed the rats to live closer to their natural state in the wild, and found that several behaviors differed between the rats that could vocalize.
Species Specific Behavioural Patterns (Digging and Swimming) and Reaction to Novel Objects in Wild Type, Wistar, Sprague-Dawley and Brown Norway Rats
Three experiments showed profound behavioural differences in quasi-natural forms of behaviour between wild type rats (WWCPS), Wistar, Wistar and Sprague-Dawley and three laboratory strains frequently used in behavioural studies.


Development of defensive burying in Rattus norvegicus: experience and defensive responses.
Defensive burying developed at a later age and declined at an earlier age in rats maintained on wire mesh from birth until testing than it did in rats raised until weaning on bedding and housed on mesh thereafter.
Behavioral comparisons of the Tsukuba Emotional strains of rats (Rattus norvegicus) in three types of novel situations
The Tsukuba High- and Low-Emotional rats (THE and TLE), Wistar-Imamichi/Iar rats (control group for the Tsukuba Emotional rats), and F344/DuCrj rats were tested in three types of novel situations: the open field, a runway devised as a type of open field with a shelter, and an I-maze devised to remove rats' freezing behavior against predatory attack.
Burrows and Burrowing Behavior of Onychomys leucogaster
  • D. Ruffer
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1965
A study of the shelter-seeking behavior of captive northern grasshopper mice was made in 15 × 15 × 3 ft sheet metal enclosures, showing that grasshopping provided the mouse with a refuge from extreme fluctuations of temperature.
Observations of the Subterranean Activity of Domesticated and Wild Rats (Rattus Norvegicus): A Descriptive Study
The behavior of a small group (varying from five to seven members) of domesticated rats was observed for 11 wk. in an enclosure (171 × 183 cm) which allowed the viewing of animals above and below
The classification of burrows of Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout) and its relation to food hoarding
Steiniger's classification of burrows by Norway rats into home, food storage and refuge burrows is critically examined and it is concluded that this typology cannot be considered species-typical.
Burrows of wild and albino rats: effects of domestication, outdoor raising, age, experience, and maternal state.
  • R. Boice
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of comparative and physiological psychology
  • 1977
Albino rats were hardy throughout climatic extremes, they maintained a stable population for two years, they constructed and lived in burrows, and they showed a vaiety of wild-type behaviors, suggesting that learning may have a limited role in what appears to be a behavior with a strong genetic basis.
Sex differences in the incidence and sonographic characteristics of antipredator ultrasonic cries in the laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus).
The findings indicate that female rats show qualitatively different antipredator vocalizations than do males and add to previous findings of higher levels of female antipredators defensiveness.
Conditioned defensive burying in rodents: Organismic variables
Conditioned defensive burying was observed in 30, 60, and 90-day-old male and female Long-Evans hooded rats, but was never observed in gerbils or hamsters and did not reach significant levels in BALB mice.