Defensive ant, aphid and caterpillar mimicry in plants?

@article{LevYadun2002DefensiveAA,
  title={Defensive ant, aphid and caterpillar mimicry in plants?},
  author={S. Lev-Yadun and M. Inbar},
  journal={Biological Journal of The Linnean Society},
  year={2002},
  volume={77},
  pages={393-398}
}
Here we describe three apparently novel types of visual insect mimicry in plants. In the first type, plants of Xanthium trumarium L. have dark spots and flecks that resemble ants (Formicidae) in size and shape in the epidermis of stems, branches and petioles, and plants of Arisarum vulgare Targ.-Tozz. have them on petioles and inflorescence stems. In the second type, the dark anthers of Paspalum paspaloides (Michaux) Scribner (=P. distichum) are the size, shape and colour of aphids (Homoptera… Expand

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