Defensive Pessimism

  title={Defensive Pessimism},
  author={Sandra P. Thomas},
  journal={Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences},
  • Sandra P. Thomas
  • Published 2020
  • Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
1 Citations
Using Self-report to Study How Application affect Motivation of Behavior Change (Preprint)
BACKGROUND Currently, changing behaviors with the assistance of mobile applications has been popularized. However, most of the participants are unable to persist in participating in


Testing a model of antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping in school physical education
Results of structural equation modelling analysis indicated that self-handicapping and defensive pessimism were positively predicted by fear of failure and negatively predicted by competence valuation, and the specified model was largely invariant across males and females.
Defensive Pessimism, Anxiety, and the Complexity of Evaluating Self‐Regulation
Defensive pessimism is a motivated cognitive strategy that helps people manage their anxiety and pursue their goals. Individuals who use defensive pessimism set low expectations, and play through
Distinguishing defensive pessimism from depression: Negative expectations and positive coping mechanisms
Anticipatory thoughts and feelings of defensively pessimistic and moderately depressed college students were compared in order to identify factors that distinguish effective strategies of negative
Constant vigilance: Heritage values and defensive pessimism in coping with severe acute respiratory syndrome in Singapore
The present study investigates the congruency of defensive pessimism in the Asian context and its role in coping with the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crisis in Singapore. Data collected
Self-handicapping, defensive pessimism, and goal orientation : a qualitative study of university students
Interviews with 1st-year university students selected as high or low in either self-handicapping or defensive pessimism identified (a) personal perspectives on the nature of self-handicapping and
Reflection and Distraction Defensive Pessimism, Strategic Optimism, and Performance
This research concerns the interaction between performance strategies and imagery conditions. Defensive pessimists (DPs, who set low expectations, feel anxious, and rehearse possible outcomes) and
Strategy-dependent effects of reflecting on self and tasks: Some implications of optimism and defensive pessimism.
Two studies investigated the hypothesis that individuals using the cognitive strategy of defensive pessimism will perform better and feel better when allowed to play through possible outcomes and
Defensive Pessimism and Stress and Coping
Extensive research supports the contention that an optimistic orientation may contribute to more effective coping with stressful life events than will pessimism (Scheier & Carver, 1985; Taylor &
Defensive pessimism: harnessing anxiety as motivation.
Data are interpreted as evidence that the effects of low expectations and high anxiety on performance may be mediated by the strategies individuals use when approaching risky situations.