Defensive Development

@article{Boyd2008DefensiveD,
  title={Defensive Development},
  author={Michelle Boyd},
  journal={Urban Affairs Review},
  year={2008},
  volume={43},
  pages={751 - 776}
}
This article expands the standard consumption versus production debate in the gentrification literature by examining the role of racial conflict in neighborhood change. Drawing from historical and ethnographic research, it analyzes gentrification in Douglas/Grand Boulevard, a Black community on Chicago's South Side. It argues that although capital movements and middle-class consumption patterns created opportunities for gentrification, racial ordering politicized it, prompting Blacks to engage… 
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