Defending the Nation? Maintaining Turkey's Narrative of the Armenian Genocide

  title={Defending the Nation? Maintaining Turkey's Narrative of the Armenian Genocide},
  author={Jennifer M. Dixon},
  journal={South European Society and Politics},
  pages={467 - 485}
This paper focuses on two recent periods in which agents of the Turkish state actively defended Turkey's official narrative of the Armenian genocide. I argue that the set of strategies developed by Turkish officers and bureaucrats under the military regime in power from 1980 to 1983 established a pattern of state response that was replicated by bureaucratic elites in the face of new challenges to the official narrative two decades later. Understanding this authoritarian legacy helps explain the… Expand
Explaining negative descriptions of Armenians in Turkish parliamentary speeches (1960–1980) via group position theory
This paper scrutinizes the role of Turkish politicians’ threat perception on negative descriptions of Armenians between 1960 and 1980. In so doing, it brings together the theoretical insights ofExpand
Self-Censorship of Narratives of Political Violence: Four International Case Studies (France-Algeria, Spain, Turkey-Armenians, Japan-Korea)
This chapter focuses on four case studies of political violence and examines the practice of self-censorship with regard to the historical narratives of these cases. The cases represent majorExpand
Norms, Narratives, and Scholarship on the Armenian Genocide
Analyzing the politics of the past in the context of the Armenian Genocide reveals an evolving interplay between international norms, official narratives, and broader discourses. This short essayExpand
The Relationship between Perceived Security Threats and Negative Descriptions of Armenians in Turkish Politics (1946–1960)
How do perceived threats influence politicians’ attitudes towards religious minorities? Examining the Turkish parliamentary records between 1946 and 1960, this study suggests that perceivedExpand
Commemorating the Armenian Genocide: The Politics of Memory and National Identity
Turkey's long-standing denial of the annihilation of about one million Armenians, between 1915 and 1917, is well documented. Over the past five decades, however, the nation state has come underExpand
A Struggle for Genocide Recognition: How the Aramean, Assyrian, and Chaldean Diasporas Link Past and Present
This article analyzes how Aramean, Assyrian, and Chaldean communities in Western Europe organize their struggle for Sayfo (genocide) recognition and how narratives of the past are enacted in theirExpand
Education and National Narratives: Changing Representations of the Armenian Genocide in History Textbooks in Turkey
Over the past several decades, Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian genocide has come under increasing scrutiny, both domestically and internationally. In response, state o! cials have defended andExpand
The Uses and Abuses of History: Genocide and the Making of the Karabakh Conflict
Abstract Did the 1915 genocide of the Ottoman Armenians play a role in the genesis of the Karabakh war? In the early phase of the conflict, many Armenian activists and politicians drew parallelsExpand
Academic Denial of the Armenian Genocide in American Scholarship: Denialism as Manufactured Controversy
From its origins in the World War I era, denial of the Armenian Genocide emerged in American universities during the Cold War. Today, a growing body of critical scholarship and documentation of theExpand
Construction of the Israeli‐Jewish Conflict‐Supportive Narrative and the Struggle Over Its Dominance
Societies involved in intractable conflicts form a conflict-supporting master narrative that provides justification and explanation of the conflict as a whole as well as narratives about its specificExpand


Looking backward, moving forward : confronting the Armenian Genocide
The decades separating our new century from the Armenian Genocide, the prototype of modern-day nation-killings, have fundamentally changed the political composition of the region. Virtually noExpand
Semi‐Authoritarian Incorporation and Autocratic Militarism in Turkey
This article argues that, since the early 1980s, there have been two regimes in Turkey. The first, which is broadly akin to Michael Mann's characterization of Semi-Authoritarian Incorporation, hasExpand
From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide
* Preface * Introduction * 1. What Are Turkey's Fundamental Problems? A Model for Understanding Turkey Today * 2. A Theoretical Approach to Understanding Turkish National Identity * 3. Some AspectsExpand
From Political Islam to Conservative Democracy: The Case of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey
If one of the most interesting characteristics of the Turkish party system in the 1990s was the rapid rise of political Islam under the banner of the Welfare Party, an equally, perhaps even more,Expand
The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus
The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era
In 1923, the Modern Turkish Republic rose from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire, proclaiming a new era in the Middle East. However, many of the contemporary issues affecting Turkish state and societyExpand
Education and National Narratives: Changing Representations of the Armenian Genocide in History Textbooks in Turkey
Over the past several decades, Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian genocide has come under increasing scrutiny, both domestically and internationally. In response, state o! cials have defended andExpand
The Slaughterhouse Province: An American Diplomat's Report on the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1917
Last fall, while covering Bob Dole's unsuccessful effort to have Congress commemorate the seventyfifth anniversary of the initiation of the Armenian genocide in Turkey, I called Morris Amitay, aExpand
The politics of population in a nation-building process: emigration of non-Muslims from Turkey
Abstract Within the politics of nationalism and nation-building, the emigration of ethnic and religious minorities, whether voluntary or involuntary, appears to be a commonly occurring practice.Expand
Historical Institutionalism in comparative politics
This article provides an overview of recent developments in historical institutionalism. First, it reviews some distinctions that are commonly drawn between the ihistoricali and the irational choiceiExpand