Defending International Norms: The Role of Obligation, Material Interest, and Perception in Decision Making

@article{Herrmann2001DefendingIN,
  title={Defending International Norms: The Role of Obligation, Material Interest, and Perception in Decision Making},
  author={Richard K. Herrmann and Vaughn P. Shannon},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2001},
  volume={55},
  pages={621 - 654}
}
States defend norms in some cases but not in others. Understanding this variation sheds light on both U.S. foreign policy and the role of normative reasoning. We report the results of four experiments embedded in a survey of U.S. elites. The experiments identified the effects of felt normative obligation (that is, the logic of what is appropriate) and concern for U.S. economic and security interests (that is, the logic of utilitarian consequence) as well as the role played by individual… 
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