Defending Abduction

  title={Defending Abduction},
  author={Ilkka Niiniluoto},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={S436 - S451}
  • I. Niiniluoto
  • Published 1 September 1999
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Science
Charles S. Peirce argued that, besides deduction and induction, there is a third mode of inference which he called "hypothesis" or "abduction." He characterized abduction as reasoning "from effect to cause," and as "the operation of adopting an explanatory hypothesis." Peirce's ideas about abduction, which are related also to historically earlier accounts of heuristic reasoning (the method of analysis), have been seen as providing a logic of scientific discovery. Alternatively, abduction is… 

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