Defendant-juror similarity and mock joror judgments

  title={Defendant-juror similarity and mock joror judgments},
  author={Norbert L. Kerr and Robert W. Hymes and Alonzo B. Anderson and James E. Weathers},
  journal={Law and Human Behavior},
It was hypothesized that joror-defendant similarity would lead to greater leniency toward a criminal defendant when the evidence against that defendant was weak or inconclusive; but when evidence was strong, it was expected that this relationship would be reversed. In Study 1, religious similarity was found to be simply and positively related to evaluation of the defendant and leniency, a relationship unaffected by the strength of evidence. This pattern of results was attributed to (a… 
Empathy and Jurors' Decisions in Patricide Trials Involving Child Sexual Assault Allegations
Results indicated that, compared to jurors in the control condition, jurors who were asked to take the defendant's perspective had more empathy for the defendant, found the defendant less guilty and less responsible for the murder, and were more likely to consider abuse to be a mitigating factor in the killing.
The Combined Effect of Defendant Race and Alleged Gang Affiliation on Mock Juror Decision-Making
Previous research has investigated the influence of several defendant characteristics on mock juror decision-making, but to date, no published research has examined the effect of a defendant's
The effects of deliberations and religious identity on mock jurors’ verdicts
Jurors may be biased toward defendants because of their group status or similarities/differences. Deliberation may minimize bias by forcing jurors to rationalize their decisions. In two experiments,
The O. J. Simpson criminal trial verdict: Racism or status shield?
A simulation study investigated the factors that may have led the jury in the O. J. Simpson criminal trial to an acquittal verdict. Black and White mock jurors read a transcript of a murder trial
Effects of defendant ethnicity on juries' dispositions of felony cases
This research examined jury decisions in 317 noncapital felony cases in El Paso, Texas, and assessed the impact of juror ethnicity on jury trial outcomes. Results revealed that there was no relation
Race in the Courtroom: Perceptions of Guilt and Dispositional Attributions
The present studies compare the judgments of White and Black mock jurors in interracial trials. In Study 1, the defendant’s race did not influence White college students’ decisions but Black students
Perspective-Taking of the Defendant: Does Race Influence the Final Sentencing Verdict for Mock Jurors?
The main objective of this study is to test whether there are disparities in a final sentencing verdict, of a guilty defendant that identifies as either AfricanAmerican or Caucasian. Using a
Race salience in defense attorney opening and closing statements: The effects of ambiguity and juror attitudes
The verdict on jury trials for juveniles: the effects of defendant's age on trial outcomes.
Whether and under what conditions defendant's age affects jurors' decisions about the guilt and sentencing of an accused and age tended to be used as a mitigating factor in favor of youth rather than against them is examined.
Culture in the Courtroom: Ethnocentrism and Juror Decision-Making
Investigating whether a culturally-based argument in a non-insane automatism defense would be detrimental or beneficial to the defendant and how juror ethnocentrism might affect perceptions revealed an interaction between ethnocentRism and defense type, such that ethnocentreism related to lower perceived defendant credibility in the cultural condition, but not in the standard automatism condition.


Ambiguity and Guilt Determinations: A Modern Racism Perspective'
Studies documenting the existence of prejudice in simulated juror ratings of guilt may not be directly generalizable to legal applications due to a failure to include jury instructions. Jury
Juror‐defendant similarity and the assessment of guilt in politically motivated crimes
This study examined the effect of political similarity between a defendant and simulated jurors on the subjects' assessment of guilt and recommendation of sentence in a political crime. Subjects read
Simulated jury decisions: The influence of jury-defendant attitude similarity-dissimilarity
Participants were exposed to a standard videotape account of a crime of negligent automobile homicide. With the criminal evidence held constant, the similarity of the defendant’s attitude to those of
Effects of inadmissible Evidence on the Decisions of Simulated Jurors: A Moral Dilemma
In a 2 × 3 design, simulated jurors received either weak or strong evidence against a defendant in a murder case. Within each evidence condition, subjects were given either additional evidence ruled
Rape trials and jurors' decisions
Recently, many writers have argued that equal protection for victims of rape is not presently offered in the courts since the outcomes of rape trials are frequently influenced by certain victim,
Black Innocence and the White Jury
Racial prejudice has come under increasingly close scrutiny during the past thirty years, yet its influence on the decisionmaking of criminal juries remains largely hidden from judicial and critical
Sex Prejudice Injury Simulation
Summary This study of 84 male and 101 female college students tested the hypothesis that male and female Ss respond differentially to male and female defendants in a criminal jury trial. Ss read a
Race, Rape, and Bias: Distortion of Prior Odds and Meaning Changes
Two experiments were conducted to investigate how racial bias affects juror decision making. Three sources of bias were studied: (1) prior probabilities of guilt, (2) distortion of the meaning of
Habla Ingles? The Effects of Language Translation on Simulated Juror Decisions1
Two studies were conducted in which college students, acting as simulated jurors, heard the testimony of a defendant in an assault case. The testimony was presented in English or in another language