Defects in homocysteine metabolism: diversity among hyperhomocyst(e)inemias.

There are now four genetic mouse models that induce hyperhomocyst(e)inemia by decreasing the activity of an enzyme involved in homocysteine metabolism: cystathionine beta-synthase, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, methionine synthase and methionine synthase reductase. While each enzyme deficiency leads to murine hyperhomocyst(e)inemia, the accompanying… CONTINUE READING