Defects in diagnostic kits for determination of urate in serum.

Abstract

Certain diagnostic kits that measure serum urate by the Barham and Trinder principle of enzymic liberation of oxygen and its combination with chromogens can give results for urate in fresh serum that are approximately 20% lower than results from serum stored at ambient temperature for 72 h. In fresh serum, antioxidants compete with chromogen for liberated peroxyl-oxygen. We postulate that during storage the interfering antioxidant substances are destroyed. In some diagnostic kits, L-ascorbate oxidase is added to the reaction, eliminating some but not all of this effect. We discuss defects of several commercially available kits for determination of serum urate and recommend comparing results of these kits with results from the phosphotungstic acid method as a precaution against falsely low results.

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@article{Whitehead1991DefectsID, title={Defects in diagnostic kits for determination of urate in serum.}, author={Tamsen Whitehead and Elizabeth A Bevan and Lucio Miano and Allesandro Leonardi}, journal={Clinical chemistry}, year={1991}, volume={37 6}, pages={879-81} }