Defect Engineering of Lead-Free Piezoelectrics with High Piezoelectric Properties and Temperature-Stability.


The high piezoelectricity of ABO3-type lead-free piezoelectric materials can be achieved with the help of either morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) or polymorphic phase transition (PPT). Here, we propose a new defect engineering route to the excellent piezoelectric properties, in which doped smaller acceptor and donor ions substituting bivalent A-sites are utilized to bring local lattice distortion and lower symmetry. A concrete paradigm is presented, (Li-Al) codoped BaTiO3 perovskite, that exhibits a largely thermo-stable piezoelectric constant (>300 pC/N) and huge mechanical quality factor (>2000). A systematic analysis including theoretical analysis and simulation results indicates that the Li(+) and Al(3+) ions are inclined to occupy the neighboring A-sites in the lattice and constitute a defect dipole (ionic pairs). The defect dipoles possess a kind of dipole moment which tends to align directionally after thermo-electric treatment. A mechanism related to the defect symmetry principle, phase transition, and defect migration is proposed to explain the outstanding piezoelectric properties. The present study opens a new development window for excellent piezoelectricity and provides a promising route to the potential utilization of lead-free piezoelectrics in high power applications.

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b01539

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@article{Feng2016DefectEO, title={Defect Engineering of Lead-Free Piezoelectrics with High Piezoelectric Properties and Temperature-Stability.}, author={Yu Feng and Wei-li Li and Dan Xu and Yu-Long Qiao and Yang Yu and Yu Zhao and Wei-dong Fei}, journal={ACS applied materials & interfaces}, year={2016}, volume={8 14}, pages={9231-41} }