Defaults, Framing and Privacy: Why Opting In-Opting Out1

@article{Johnson2002DefaultsFA,
  title={Defaults, Framing and Privacy: Why Opting In-Opting Out1},
  author={Eric J. Johnson and Steven Bellman and Gerald L. Lohse},
  journal={Marketing Letters},
  year={2002},
  volume={13},
  pages={5-15}
}
Differences in opt-in and opt-out responses are an important element of the current public debate concerning on-line privacy and more generally for permission marketing. We explored the issue empirically. Using two on-line experiments we show that the default has a major role in determining revealed preferences for further contact with a Web site. We then explore the origins of these differences showing that both framing and defaults have separate and additive effects in affecting the… 

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