Defacing the Map: Cartographic Vandalism in the Digital Commons

@article{Ballatore2014DefacingTM,
  title={Defacing the Map: Cartographic Vandalism in the Digital Commons},
  author={Andrea Ballatore},
  journal={The Cartographic Journal},
  year={2014},
  volume={51},
  pages={214 - 224}
}
  • A. Ballatore
  • Published 12 April 2014
  • Art
  • The Cartographic Journal
This article addresses the emergent phenomenon of carto-vandalism, the intentional defacement of collaborative cartographic digital artefacts in the context of volunteered geographic information. [] Key Method Two families of counter-strategies deployed in amateur mapping communities are discussed. First, the contributors organize forms of policing, based on volunteered community involvement, patrolling the maps and reporting incidents. Second, the detection of carto-vandalism can be supported by automated…
Diversity in volunteered geographic information: comparing OpenStreetMap and Wikimapia in Jerusalem
While the term “volunteered geographic information” (VGI) has become a buzzword in debates on the geoweb, online cartography and digital geoinformation, the scope and reach of VGI remains
Excluding Effects of Cartographic Epistemologies — Thinking About Mapping Paradigms in OpenStreetMap and Wikimapia
Although the emergence of collaborative online mapping platforms has radically lowered access barriers to cartographic practices, many studies have shown how participation in online mapping is biased
Social and Political Dimensions of the OpenStreetMap Project: Towards a Critical Geographical Research Agenda
TLDR
This contribution frames a research agenda that draws upon critical cartography but widens the scope of analysis to the assemblages of practices, actors, technologies, and norms at work, and suggests that research into OpenStreetMap might usefully reflect more critically on the contexts in which new geographic knowledge is being assembled.
Conceptualising the geographic world: the dimensions of negotiation in crowdsourced cartography
TLDR
Six complementary dimensions of incommensurability that recur in the negotiation are identified: (1) ontology, (2) cartography, (3) culture and language, (4) lexical definitions, (5) granularity, and (6) semantic overload and duplication.
61 : 2 Towards Vandalism Detection in OpenStreetMap Through a Data Driven Approach 2 Understanding vandalism : related work
TLDR
A methodology to detect vandalism in the OpenStreetMap project is proposed and an analysis of related works sheds light on the lack of consensus when it comes to defining vandalism in VGI from both conceptual and practical points of view.
Towards Vandalism Detection in OpenStreetMap Through a Data Driven Approach (Short Paper)
TLDR
A methodology to detect vandalism in the OpenStreetMap project is proposed and an analysis of related works sheds light on the lack of consensus when it comes to defining vandalism in VGI from both conceptual and practical points of view.
Cartographic Vandalism in the Era of Location-Based Games - The Case of OpenStreetMap and Pokémon GO
TLDR
Analyzes the spatial, temporal and semantic characteristics of PGO carto-vandalism and discusses how the mapping community handles it to indicate that most harmful edits are quickly discovered and that the community becomes faster at detecting and fixing these harmful edits over time.
Placing Wikimapia: an exploratory analysis
TLDR
The origin and development of Wikimapia as a for-profit project, intimately linked with search engine advertising, and the popularity of the project, which is crucial to the longevity and sustainability of VGI projects are traced.
OSMWatchman: Learning How to Detect Vandalized Contributions in OSM Using a Random Forest Classifier
TLDR
Experimental results show that random forest classifiers perform well in detecting vandalism in the same geographical regions that were used for training the model and has more issues with vandalism detection in “unfamiliar regions”.
Attention-Based Vandalism Detection in OpenStreetMap
TLDR
Ovid relies on a novel neural architecture that adopts a multi-head attention mechanism to summarize information indicating vandalism from OSM changesets effectively and introduces a set of original features that capture changeset, user, and edit information.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 89 REFERENCES
Crowdsourced Cartography: Mapping Experience and Knowledge
This paper considers the emerging phenomenon of crowdsourced cartography in relation to ideas about the organisation of contemporary knowledge production in capitalist societies. Taking a
Mapping Experience: Crowdsourced Cartography
This paper considers the emerging phenomena of crowdsourced cartography in relation to ideas about the organisation of contemporary knowledge production in capitalist societies. Taking a
Towards Automatic Vandalism Detection in OpenStreetMap
TLDR
A rule-based system for the automated detection of vandalism in OSM is developed and provides useful information about the vandalism types and their impact on the OSM project data.
Understanding King Punisher and His Order: Vandalism in an Online Community - Motives, Meanings and Possible Solutions
Introduction Commonly online vandalism has been understood to mean the defacement or destruction of commercial, government or personal websites. This is a rather parochial understanding of the
Mapping Mussolini : Ritual and cartography in public art during the Second Roman Empire
Abstract The four map tablets prominently displayed on the Via dell'Impero in the heart of ancient Rome have been either ignored or ridiculed by modern historians, urban planners and archaeologists.
Automatic Vandalism Detection in Wikipedia
TLDR
The characteristics of vandalism as humans recognize it and develop features to render vandalism detection as a machine learning task are discussed and logistic regression is used to achieve 83% precision at 77% recall with the model.
Volunteered Geographic Information: the nature and motivation of produsers
Advances in positioning, Web mapping, cellular communications and wiki technologies have surpassed the original visions of GSDI programs around the world. By tapping the distributed knowledge,
Cartographies of Fictional Worlds
  • Art
  • 2011
The current issue of The Cartographic Journal features and showcases a field which might be more or less unknown to the cartographic community: literary geography. It all starts with the supposedly
Differential rates of vandalism in a new town: Towards a theory of relative place
The aim of this thesis is to explain the reasons why some residential areas have substantially more vandalism than others. Various theories are critically examined in the first three chapters in
Defacing Kabul: an iconography of political campaign posters
This essay offers an explanation for the highly stylized and expressive defacement of political campaign posters in the streets of Kabul, Afghanistan, that occurred during the 2009 presidential
...
...